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Are blue eyes real?

Have you ever wondered if blue eyes are real? After all, they are a unique and striking color that not everyone is born with. The truth is, blue eyes are indeed real, but they are also a rarity. In this blog post, we will explore the science behind blue eyes and what makes them so special.

What Causes Blue Eyes?

Blue eyes are caused by the scattering of light in the iris. Specifically, the blue color emerges when light reflects off the collagen fibers and proteins in the front layer of the iris, which is known as the stroma. This scattering effect is similar to the way the sky appears blue on a sunny day.

Interestingly, blue eyes do not actually contain any blue pigment. Instead, they are the result of a lack of melanin in the front layer of the iris. Melanin is responsible for determining the color of our eyes, skin, and hair. People whose irises contain little or no melanin will have blue eyes.

Are Blue Eyes Rare?

Yes, blue eyes are relatively rare. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, only about 8% of the world’s population has blue eyes. This equates to approximately 150-200 million individuals worldwide.

Blue eyes are most commonly found in northern Europe and the Baltic region. In fact, over 80% of the population in countries like Finland, Estonia, and Sweden have blue or gray eyes. In contrast, blue eyes are much less common in areas of Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

Are There Any Health Risks Associated with Blue Eyes?

There are no inherent health risks associated with having blue eyes. However, research has suggested that lighter eye colors may be more susceptible to certain conditions. For example, people with blue eyes may be more prone to developing macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss in the U.S.

Additionally, individuals with blue eyes may be more susceptible to the harmful effects of UV radiation. This is because their irises contain less melanin, which is the body’s natural defense against UV rays. It is therefore important for people with blue eyes to protect themselves from the sun’s rays by wearing sunglasses and hats.

The Genetics of Blue Eyes

Eye color is determined by complex interactions between multiple genes. While the specifics of eye color inheritance are still not fully understood, scientists know that blue eyes are the result of a recessive gene. This means that both parents must carry the recessive gene in order for their child to have blue eyes.

It is also worth noting that eye color can change over time. While babies are typically born with blue eyes, their eye color may change as they grow older. This is because melanin production increases during childhood and adolescence, which can alter the color of the Iris. However, once eye color is established during adolescence, it typically remains the same for the rest of a person’s life.


In conclusion, blue eyes are real and a beautiful anomaly in the world of eye colors. While they are relatively rare, they are a stunning pigmentation created by the absence of melanin in the iris. Interestingly, science has linked lighter eye colors to certain health risks, but this is just an added incentive for people with blue eyes to take care of their vision. Ultimately, no matter what color your eyes are, they are unique and a reflection of your individuality.


How rare are really blue eyes?

The color of one’s eyes is determined by the amount and type of pigments in the iris, which is the colored part of the eye surrounding the pupil. The most common colors for eyes are brown, followed by blue, green, and hazel. However, some people’s eyes are a strikingly bright blue that seems almost otherworldly. These “really blue” eyes are undoubtedly beautiful, yet they are exceptionally rare.

Worldwide, blue eyes are much rarer than brown eyes. World Atlas notes that only 8% to 10% of the global population has blue eyes. The highest concentration of blue eyes is found in Northern and Eastern Europe, where over half of the population has blue eyes. In contrast, blue eyes are relatively uncommon in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

The reason why blue eyes are so rare has to do with genetics. Eye color is determined by multiple genes that interact with each other in complex ways. The most important of these genes is called OCA2, which produces a protein known as the P protein that helps to determine how much melanin (a brown pigment) is produced in the iris. People with brown eyes tend to have a lot of melanin in their irises, while people with blue eyes have very little. In fact, people with blue eyes essentially lack the enzyme that produces melanin altogether.

One commonly held misconception is that violet eyes are even rarer than blue eyes. While technically true, violet eyes are a bit misleading. There is no such thing as pure purple pigment in the human iris. Instead, someone with “violet” irises is usually sporting a special shade of blue. The phenomenon can be explained by the way the light is refracted as it passes through the person’s partially transparent irises, giving the appearance of a purple hue.

Really blue eyes are exceedingly rare and are caused by a lack of melanin in the iris. Only 8% to 10% of the global population has blue eyes, predominantly found in Northern and Eastern Europe. While some people may claim to have violet eyes, they are typically just a special shade of blue due to the way light is refracted in the irises.

Are blue eyes becoming more rare?

Blue eyes have been admired for their striking beauty and uniqueness for centuries. However, recent studies have suggested that this eye color might be becoming increasingly rare in some parts of the world. In the United States, for example, it is estimated that blue eyes are becoming less common.

According to research, blue eyes are caused by a genetic mutation that occurred in Europe about 10,000 years ago. This mutation affected the OCA2 gene, which codes for a protein that helps produce and distribute melanin, the pigment responsible for determining skin, hair, and eye color. People with blue eyes have less melanin in their eyes than those with brown or green eyes.

In the 1950s, more than half the population in the United States had blue eyes. However, now, it is estimated that one in six babies has blue eyes. This decline in blue eyes has been attributed to the mixing of different populations in the United States, causing the dilution of blue eyes over time. Additionally, people with blue eyes tend to have fewer children than those with brown eyes, contributing to a decrease in the prevalence of blue eyes.

Another factor that might be contributing to the rarity of blue eyes is natural selection. In areas with high levels of sunlight, people with darker eyes are better protected against harmful UV rays, reducing the risk of skin cancer and other skin damage. As a result, natural selection might favor darker eyes over blue eyes in these regions.

While blue eyes are becoming less common in some places, they are still considered a stunning and unique trait.