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Can a Marine have a beard?

The ability for Marines to grow beards has been a hot topic of debate for many years. On one hand, some argue that strict grooming standards are essential to military uniformity and readiness. On the other hand, others contend that current policies are unnecessarily restrictive and fail to accommodate religious practices. So what’s the deal – can Marines really have beards or not?

The Current Policy

As of now, active duty Marines are prohibited from having beards. The only exceptions are for medical reasons or religious accommodations. These rules are outlined in Marine Corps Order 1020.34H, the regulations which dictate grooming standards for the Marine Corps:

“Male Marines will keep their face clean-shaven when in uniform, or in civilian clothes on duty. Mustaches are permitted, but shall be neatly and closely trimmed. Handlebar mustaches, goatees, beards or eccentricities are not permitted.”

This strict policy has been in place for decades. Only recently did the Marine Corps update its guidelines to allow religious exemptions for beard growth. But outside of this exception, the default stance remains – no beards allowed.

The Reasoning Behind the Rules

So why are beards banned for Marines? Military leaders cite several reasons:

  • Uniformity – Beards may undermine the uniform, cohesive appearance of Marines.
  • Readiness – Facial hair can interfere with gas masks and other vital equipment.
  • Discipline – Strict grooming rules instill discipline and attention to detail.
  • Hygiene – Beards are seen as less professional and hygienic.
  • Tradition – They violate longtime Marine Corps grooming traditions.

Essentially, the powers that be argue beards threaten key Marine Corps values like teamwork, safety, and personal discipline. Allowing exceptions may degrade the sharp, consistent image the Marines aim to project.

The Case for Beards

Not everyone agrees with the Marine Corps’ stance. Here are some counterarguments in favor of allowing beards:

  • Personal freedom – Marines should have some autonomy over personal grooming choices.
  • Changing times – Social norms have shifted, making beards more acceptable.
  • Low impact – Beards pose little actual risk to safety or operations.
  • Morale – Giving Marines this option would boost morale and recruitment.
  • Religious freedom – Prohibitions contradict some religious practices.

Advocates contend that the Marine Corps is clinging to outdated traditions at the expense of personal freedom. With reasonable restrictions, they argue, Marines could keep professional appearance while sporting beards aligned with their preferences or beliefs.

The Experience of Other Military Branches

To analyze this issue, it helps to look at the policies of other U.S. military branches. Each service sets its own grooming standards, leading to notable differences in beard allowances:

Branch Beard Policy
Army No beards except for religious exemptions
Navy No beards except for medical/religious reasons
Air Force Mustaches allowed, beards permitted for religious accommodations
Coast Guard Well-kept beards allowed
Marine Corps No beards unless medically or religiously required

The Coast Guard offers an insightful case study. It has the most permissive beard rules, allowing neatly trimmed full beards for all personnel. Leaders insist this flexibility has not undermined Coast Guard discipline or operations. Many argue this proves the Marine Corps’ strict no-beard stance is unnecessary.

Recent Changes and Proposals

While the Marine Corps has not budged on its overall beard prohibition, some minor changes have emerged in recent years:

  • In late 2020, the Marines announced religious accommodations for beards would be allowed.
  • Temporary medical waivers for beard growth are available due to conditions like pseudofolliculitis.
  • Some retired Marines have advocated for a “terminal leave beard” exception before discharge.
  • In 2021, a plan was proposed to allow beards off-duty or on leave. But it was ultimately rejected by leadership.

Additionally, the 2020s saw renewed debate over Marine Corps grooming policies. Younger Marines seem more receptive to relaxing the rules, putting pressure on leaders to justify current standards. But so far, the top brass has resisted making any broad changes to permit beards.

Terminal Leave Beard Proposals

One specific proposal that has gained some traction is allowing “terminal leave beards.” This concept would let Marines grow beards during terminal leave – the period of accumulated leave at the end of a Marine’s enlistment.

Proponents argue:

  • It provides a minor freedom for Marines completing honorable service.
  • Lets Marines transition out of strict regulations gradually.
  • Boosts morale right before discharge.
  • Permits beards with minimal impact on active service.

However, the Marine Corps has not yet authorized any formal terminal leave beard policy. Some leaders have dismissed the idea as contrary to Marine Corps culture and traditions.


The Marine Corps has stood firm on its prohibition of beards for decades, with rare medical and religious exceptions. Arguments center on maintaining uniformity, safety, discipline, and the Marine Corps image. But critics contend the rules are due for an update, citing changing social norms and the more flexible policies of other branches.

For now, active duty Marines remain unable to grow beards outside of narrowly defined exemptions. But the clean-shaven tradition may slowly erode over time, especially if pressure persists from younger recruits.Terminal leave beard accommodations offer one incremental way to grant more leeway. But substantial reform would require an unlikely about-face from the Marine Corps top leaders.

In the end, the iconic, close-cropped image of the United States Marine is unlikely to include beards any time soon. The Marine Corps remains fiercely protective of its grooming standards and their role in representing core values. Still, the tides of societal change and internal debate may eventually force small concessions to this longstanding and hotly-contested tradition.