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Does mushroom take time to cook?

Mushrooms are a delicious and nutritious ingredient that can be added to many dishes. However, some people may wonder if mushrooms need to be cooked for a long time or if they can be cooked quickly. The answer depends on a few factors.

In general, mushrooms do not take a long time to cook. The structure of mushrooms means they have a high water content and are quick to become tender. Mushrooms mainly consist of two parts – the cap and the stem. The cap tends to be fleshier and requires slightly longer cooking time than the stems. But most mushrooms, on average, take 5-15 minutes to cook through completely depending on the cooking method.

Do All Mushrooms Take the Same Time to Cook?

Not all mushrooms have the same cooking time. The major factors that affect mushrooms’ cooking time are:

Type of Mushroom

Different mushroom varieties have slightly different textures and moisture contents which impact their cooking time.

Mushroom Type Average Cooking Time
White button mushrooms 5-10 minutes
Portobello mushrooms 10-15 minutes
Oyster mushrooms 8-12 minutes
Shiitake mushrooms 7-10 minutes
Enoki mushrooms 4-5 minutes
Chanterelle mushrooms 7-10 minutes

As seen, the denser, meatier mushrooms like portobellos take longer whereas delicate mushrooms like enoki and chanterelles cook faster.

Size of Mushrooms

Larger, whole mushrooms will naturally take longer to cook than small, sliced mushrooms because of the difference in thickness. Slicing mushrooms thinly makes it easier for heat to penetrate and cook the mushrooms evenly. Leaving mushrooms whole can result in the outside cooking faster than the inner flesh. So for whole mushrooms, it’s often advised to cook for the minimum suggested time and then check doneness.

Cooking Method

How the mushrooms are cooked impacts cooking time as well. Cooking methods that use higher heat tend to cook mushrooms faster.

Cooking Method Average Cooking Time
Sautéing 5-8 minutes
Stir-frying 3-5 minutes
Pan/oven roasting 12-18 minutes
Grilling 8-12 minutes
Steaming 4-7 minutes
Boiling 3-5 minutes

Dry cooking methods like roasting use indirect heat and will take longer. Meanwhile, quick cooking techniques like stir-frying or boiling cook mushrooms through more rapidly.

Tips for Cooking Mushrooms

Here are some tips to keep in mind for cooking mushrooms perfectly:

– Clean mushrooms gently by wiping with a damp towel or brushing. Avoid soaking or washing which makes them absorb water. The excess moisture leads to steaming versus browning.

– Cut mushrooms to relatively uniform sizes so they cook evenly. Slice stems thinner than caps if keeping whole.

– Use high heat for methods like sautéing or stir-frying to sear and caramelize natural sugars in mushrooms.

– Don’t crowd mushrooms in the pan. Crowding prevents proper evaporation and browning. Cook in batches if needed.

– Add any salt, acidic ingredients like wine or lemon juice, or moist ingredients like cream later in cooking. These can inhibit browning when added too early.

– Cook mushrooms until lightly browned and they release all their liquid. The liquid will evaporate off as they continue cooking.

– For stuffed mushrooms or portobellos, brush underside of caps with oil before roasting or grilling to prevent drying out.

– For boiled or steamed mushrooms, undercook them slightly since they’ll continue cooking a bit longer after removed from the heat.

How to Tell When Mushrooms Are Done

Mushrooms are done cooking when:

– They have softened and feels tender when pierced with a knife or fork

– Any liquid they release has fully evaporated

– The outer surface appears lightly browned and caramelized

– Mushrooms slices separate easily and don’t clump together

– Whole mushrooms feel hollow when gently pressed as moisture has evaporated from the gills

– Stuffing or fillings in stuffed mushrooms are fully cooked through

The total cooking time will vary based on the factors discussed. But following the visual and textural cues above will ensure mushrooms are cooked properly without becoming soggy or overdone.


Mushrooms generally have a short cooking time and can be ready in as little as 3-5 minutes depending on the cooking method. Pan-fried and sautéed mushrooms cook faster compared to roasted or grilled mushrooms. The exact time also depends on the type and size of mushroom. Properly cleaned, sliced, and dried mushrooms will cook efficiently. Pay attention to visual signs like evaporation of moisture and browning along with the internal doneness when cooking. With the right technique, mushrooms can be cooked quickly to maximize their flavor, texture and nutrition.