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How do you know if you have an eye hood?

An eye hood, also known as an eye mask, is a small shield that covers the eyes to block out light. Eye hoods are typically made of fabric or foam and have an elastic band to secure them around the head. They are commonly used for sleeping, relaxation, and travel. But how do you know if you actually need an eye hood or if your issues seeing properly are caused by something else?

What is an eye hood and what are the benefits?

As mentioned, an eye hood is a shield that blocks light from entering the eyes. The key benefits of using an eye hood include:

  • Blocks out light to facilitate sleep – Eye hoods block ambient light which can disrupt sleep cycles. This allows for deeper, more restful sleep.
  • Relaxes the eyes – Covering the eyes provides darkness which relaxes the eyes and surrounding muscles.
  • Alleviates puffiness – The light pressure of the eye mask can prevent fluid buildup that causes under eye bags and puffiness.
  • Provides peace and quiet – Blocking out visual stimuli along with light allows for relaxation and inward focus.
  • Convenience for travel – Eye masks are compact, portable, and ideal for blocking out light in airplanes or unfamiliar bedrooms.

For those who have difficulty sleeping or relaxing due to light sensitivity or visual disruptions, an eye hood can provide welcome relief and improve quality of life.

Signs that you may need an eye hood

Here are some signs that indicate you could benefit from using an eye hood:

  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep – Light entering the room from windows, electronics, or other sources can make it challenging to fall asleep or return to sleep when awakened.
  • Waking up feeling unrested – Light and visual disruption during sleep can prevent the body from getting high quality rest.
  • Bothered by light when trying to nap – Afternoon naps may be interrupted by daylight coming in through curtains.
  • Eyes feel strained in the morning – Eyes didn’t get an opportunity to fully rest overnight due to ambient light.
  • Puffy eyes or dark circles – A buildup of fluid around the eyes indicates they did not relax enough during sleep.
  • Easily distracted by sights/movement – Overstimulation from visual stimuli makes it hard to relax or concentrate.
  • Trouble meditating or relaxing – It’s hard to clear the mind and unwind when distracted by things in sight.

If you regularly experience any of these issues related to light sensitivity, visual distractions, or eye strain, using an eye mask could provide notable relief and improvement.

Other causes of vision issues

While an eye hood can help many people sleep and relax better, vision problems can also be caused by a variety of medical conditions that may require professional treatment. Here are some other common causes of impaired vision:

Refractive errors

Refractive errors refer to problems with focusing light properly in the eye due to the shape of the eyeball and cornea. Common refractive errors include:

  • Myopia (nearsightedness) – Difficulty seeing far away objects clearly.
  • Hyperopia (farsightedness) – Difficulty seeing near objects clearly.
  • Astigmatism – Blurred vision caused by an irregularly shaped cornea.
  • Presbyopia – Difficulty focusing on objects nearby related to aging.

Refractive errors can often be corrected with prescription lenses, including eyeglasses or contact lenses. Note these are different from sight issues caused by aging, injury, or eye disease.

Eye diseases

A variety of eye diseases also commonly contribute to vision impairment or loss. These include:

  • Cataracts – Clouding over the lens of the eye that worsens over time.
  • Glaucoma – Damage to the optic nerve caused by fluid buildup and high eye pressure.
  • Macular degeneration – Breakdown of the macula (center of the retina) due to aging.
  • Diabetic retinopathy – Blood vessel damage in the retina related to diabetes.

Eye diseases often require medications, surgery, or specialist vision care to treat the underlying condition in order to prevent permanent vision loss or blindness.

Eye injury

Injuries to the eyeball, cornea, or surrounding tissues can also impair vision. Common eye injuries include:

  • Corneal abrasions – Scratches on the surface of the cornea.
  • Blows to the eye – Bruising, ruptured blood vessels, detached retinas.
  • Chemical exposure – Burns to the eye from splashes of cleaning products or other chemicals.
  • Foreign bodies – Objects like dust or dirt stuck in the eye.

Minor eye injuries may heal on their own, but medical treatment is often needed for more significant injuries to prevent permanent vision damage.

When to see a doctor

You should make an appointment with an optometrist or ophthalmologist if you experience any of the following:

  • Sudden loss of vision
  • Flashing lights or floaters
  • Halos around lights
  • Distorted or blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Eye pain or discomfort
  • Issues with side vision
  • Dry eyes or eye strain
  • Excessive eye watering
  • Extreme light sensitivity
  • Trouble seeing at night

A comprehensive eye exam can diagnose refractive errors, eye diseases, injuries, and other underlying causes of vision impairment beyond basic light sensitivity. Early detection and treatment of eye issues can help prevent permanent damage and vision loss.

Should you use an eye hood?

Here are some key questions to ask yourself when deciding if using an eye hood would be beneficial:

  • Do I have difficulty sleeping at night due to light in the room?
  • Do my eyes feel strained when I wake up in the morning?
  • Does light distract me when trying to take a nap or relax?
  • Do I wake up with puffy eyes or dark under eye circles?
  • Does ambient light make it hard to meditate or fall asleep?
  • Do I easily get headaches from bright indoor lighting?

If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, using an eye mask could significantly improve your ability to sleep, nap, and unwind in comfort. The light blocking and gentle pressure on the eyes provides welcome darkness to relax visual muscles and promote quality rest.

However, if you are experiencing chronic, unexplained vision changes, sudden vision loss, eye pain, excessive tearing, double vision, or other concerning symptoms, consult an eye doctor promptly for an exam. An eye mask alone cannot treat medical conditions causing impaired eyesight.

Tips for selecting and using an eye hood

Here are some tips to choose an effective, comfortable eye mask and use it properly:

  • Look for a contoured eye mask that blocks light completely and does not put pressure on the eyes.
  • Select a soft, smooth fabric like silk or satin for maximum comfort.
  • Adjust the strap to secure it in place without being too tight or loose.
  • Position it over the eyes so it rests on the bone around the eyes, not on the eyes themselves.
  • Clean periodically by hand washing and allow to fully air dry.
  • Consider a heated or chilled eye mask to help relax eye muscles.
  • Carry a compact folding eye mask to use while traveling.
  • Use nightly for best results in managing light sensitivity.

With proper selection and positioning, an eye mask can provide soothing darkness and improve sleep quality without putting pressure on the eyes.


Eye hoods are simple yet effective tools for managing light sensitivity, visual distraction, and sleep problems caused by ambient light. By blocking out light, they allow the eyes to fully relax and rest for improved sleep quality and daytime alertness.

However, chronic vision changes or concerning eye symptoms should be evaluated promptly by an eye doctor, as conditions like eye diseases, refractive errors, and injuries require medical treatment. An eye mask alone cannot resolve these underlying issues.

Anyone who struggles with sleep, relaxation, headaches, puffy eyes or other light-related symptoms can likely benefit from using an eye mask. Selecting a comfortable, contoured design and using proper positioning allows the mask to block light completely without putting pressure on the eyes directly.

Making an eye mask part of your nightly routine can promote quality sleep and provide relief from symptoms of light sensitivity. Sweet dreams!