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Should you cover asparagus when cooking?

Asparagus is a nutritious and delicious vegetable that can be prepared in various ways. One of the most common questions when cooking asparagus is whether or not to cover it. There are pros and cons to both uncovered and covered asparagus cooking methods.

The case for uncovered asparagus

There are a few potential advantages to leaving asparagus uncovered while cooking:

  • Better color – Leaving asparagus uncovered allows the green color to remain vibrant. Covering can trap steam and cause the asparagus to become pale or olive colored.
  • Crisp texture – Uncovered asparagus is exposed to air circulation and moisture can evaporate, leading to a crisper texture.
  • Caramelization – The tips of uncovered asparagus can caramelize and take on delicious flavor from browning reactions.
  • Easy monitoring – You can easily keep an eye on uncovered asparagus to test for doneness. With covered asparagus you need to repeatedly uncover and check.

Many cooking experts recommend leaving asparagus uncovered primarily for the color and texture benefits.

The case for covered asparagus

On the other hand, there are also good reasons why you may want to cover asparagus during cooking:

  • Speeds cooking – Covering traps steam and heats the asparagus faster than uncovered.
  • Prevents drying out – The trapped steam keeps asparagus moist and prevents it from drying out, especially the slender tips.
  • Enhances flavor – Some flavor compounds may be lost when cooking uncovered. Covering keeps them concentrated around the asparagus.
  • Uniform texture – The tips and stems cook at a more even rate when covered.

For these reasons, recipes sometimes instruct you to cover asparagus while boiling, steaming, microwaving or baking en papillote.

Compromise methods

If you want the benefits of both uncovered and covered cooking, there are a few compromise options:

  • Cover partially – Place a lid slightly ajar or cover with foil that is pierced a few times.
  • Cover and then uncover – Start covered for faster cooking then uncover at the end for color and texture.
  • Steam then saute – Steam covered initially then saute uncovered with oil or butter.
  • Layer – Arrange asparagus in layers with seasonings in a baking dish, cover bottom layer with top layers uncovered.

Considerations by cooking method

How you cook asparagus also influences the decision of whether or not to cover:


Covering while boiling greatly reduces cooking time. However, the texture and green color will be diminished. Leaving the lid ajar can balance faster cooking with quality.


Covered steaming is popular for cooking asparagus evenly while retaining flavor and a bright green color.


Roasting uncovered in the oven will caramelize the asparagus and develop the best texture. A brief steaming beforehand can speed up oven roasting.


Always grill asparagus uncovered. The high dry heat works best for developing flavor and texture.


Covered microwaving retains moisture, prevents overcooking and speeds up cooking time significantly. But color and texture may be compromised.

Sauteing or pan-frying

Sauteing in oil or butter should always be done uncovered to properly brown the asparagus. Splashing with lemon juice or vinegar while sauteing also brightens the color.


Stir-frying over very high uncovered heat prevents steaming and keeps the asparagus crisp-tender.


Whether or not to cover asparagus during cooking depends on your priorities – speed, color, texture, moisture, or flavor. Here are some final tips for the best results:

  • For maximum color vibrancy, do not cover.
  • For fastest cooking, keep covered.
  • For balance, partially cover or uncover halfway through.
  • Sauteing, grilling and broiling should always be uncovered.
  • Microwaving and steaming are best covered.
  • Adjust cooking time and monitoring based on covered vs uncovered.

Experiment to find your ideal asparagus cooking method and preferences on whether to cover or not. Perfectly cooked asparagus can be achieved through both covered and uncovered techniques.