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What is Scotch bonnet pepper compared to?

The Scotch bonnet pepper, also known as the Caribbean red pepper, is a variety of chili pepper that is very commonly used in the cuisines of the Caribbean islands, West Africa, and Asia. It is known for its intense heat and fruity, tart flavor.

Appearance and Flavor

The Scotch bonnet pepper is small, measuring around 1-3 inches long. It has a bulbous, wrinkled shape and can be found in shades of red, yellow, green, orange, or chocolate brown. The peppers have a very juicy flesh with a sweet yet tart, fruity flavor. They also pack a powerful punch of heat, often rating between 100,000-350,000 Scoville heat units on the Scoville scale. This makes them significantly hotter than jalapeño peppers.


The Scotch bonnet gets its name from its resemblance to the floppy hats worn by Scottish men called “tam o’shanters.” It’s thought to have originated on the Caribbean island of Jamaica but is now grown and used throughout the Caribbean, as well as parts of Central America, Africa, India, and Southeast Asia.

Uses in Cuisine

The Scotch bonnet features heavily in the cuisines of the Caribbean and West Africa, where it is often used fresh or cooked in stews, curries, marinades for meats, chutneys, and hot sauces. It is the key ingredient in many hot sauces from Jamaica and the Caribbean.

Some popular dishes utilizing Scotch bonnets include:

  • Jamaican jerk chicken and pork
  • Pepperpot stew from Guyana
  • Jamaican escovitch fish
  • West African stews and curries
  • Caribbean salsas and chutneys
  • Indian pickles and chutneys


If you can’t find Scotch bonnet peppers, here are some suitable substitutes:

  • Habanero pepper – Habaneros are close cousins to Scotch bonnets and can be used in a 1:1 ratio as they have similar heat levels.
  • Thai chili – Smaller and slightly less hot, but good for adding a fruity heat.
  • Serrano pepper – Less hot but with a bright, crisp flavor. Use more for same heat.
  • Jalapeño – Much milder, but can sub in a 3:1 ratio.
  • Cayenne pepper flakes – Cayenne has less flavor but can mimic heat. Use sparingly.

Scotch Bonnet vs. Other Hot Peppers

Here’s how the Scotch bonnet compares to some other popular hot pepper varieties:


  • Jalapeños rate around 2,500-10,000 SHU.
  • Scotch bonnets can be over 10 times hotter than jalapeños.
  • Jalapeños have a vegetal, green pepper flavor.
  • Scotch bonnets are intensely fruity and tart.


  • Both rate 100,000-350,000 SHU.
  • Scotch bonnets tend to have a juicier, tarter flavor.
  • Habaneros have a more citrusy, floral flavor.
  • Scotch bonnets are commonly used in the Caribbean, while habaneros feature in Mexican and Southwestern U.S. cuisines.

Thai Chili

  • Thai chilis rate around 50,000-100,000 SHU.
  • Scotch bonnets can be over 3 times hotter.
  • Both have a bright, fruity flavor.
  • Thai chilis are small and often used fresh or pickled.
  • Scotch bonnets are larger and often cooked before eating.

Ghost Pepper

  • Ghost peppers rate over 1 million SHU, making them much hotter.
  • Both have a fruity, almost berry-like flavor.
  • Ghost peppers hail from India, while Scotch bonnets come from the Caribbean.

Growing Scotch Bonnet Peppers

If you live in a tropical or subtropical climate, you can try growing your own Scotch bonnet pepper plants. Here are some tips:

  • Start plants indoors from seed 10-12 weeks before last frost.
  • Transplant seedlings when day temps reach 70°F.
  • Choose a sunny spot with fertile, well-draining soil.
  • Space plants 18-24 inches apart in rows.
  • Fertilize plants every 2-3 weeks during growing season.
  • Water plants 1-2 inches per week, avoiding wet leaves.
  • Harvest peppers when glossy and fully colored.


With their extreme heat, unique fruity flavor, and essential role in Caribbean cuisine, Scotch bonnet peppers deliver a taste experience like no other. Their heat should be approached with caution and respect. Substitutions like habanero and serrano peppers can mimic some of their flavor in a pinch. If you like your food mouth-numbingly spicy, then seek out the delicious Scotch bonnet and enjoy its fiery goodness.