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What is the 1st last words of Jesus?

When it comes to the last words spoken by influential figures throughout history, they often carry great significance. In the case of Jesus Christ, his final utterances while hanging on the cross hold a profound message for humanity. While there are several phrases attributed to Jesus during his crucifixion, one of the most powerful and impactful is his first statement: “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.” This initial plea for forgiveness sets the tone for Jesus’ ultimate sacrifice and serves as a reminder of his remarkable compassion and love for all of humanity. In this blog post, we will dive into the meaning and significance of Jesus’ first last words, exploring the themes of forgiveness, redemption, and the transformative power of love.

The First Last Word: “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.”

A. Context of the Statement

To truly understand the weight of Jesus’ first last words, it is essential to grasp the context in which they were spoken. At this point, Jesus had been betrayed, arrested, and subjected to a series of trials, ultimately leading to his crucifixion. As he was nailed to the cross, surrounded by Roman soldiers and a crowd of onlookers, Jesus chose to address his Father in heaven, seeking forgiveness for those responsible for his suffering.

B. Meaning and Interpretation of the Words

The words “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” demonstrate Jesus’ limitless compassion and his divine understanding of the flawed nature of humanity. Despite enduring unimaginable pain and injustice, Jesus pleads for forgiveness on behalf of his executioners, recognizing their ignorance and lack of awareness of the gravity of their actions. This act displays Jesus’ unconditional love and his desire for reconciliation, even in the face of betrayal and cruelty.

C. Importance of Forgiveness in Jesus’ Teachings

Throughout his ministry, Jesus emphasized the transformative power of forgiveness. He taught his followers to forgive others as they themselves have been forgiven by God. In the Lord’s Prayer, Jesus even instructed his disciples to pray, “And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.” By offering forgiveness on the cross, Jesus exemplified the very teachings he had imparted to his disciples, calling for the restoration of relationships and the alleviation of the burdens caused by sin.

D. Reflection on Jesus’ Compassion and Love for Humanity

Jesus’ plea for forgiveness highlights his profound love for humanity. He sees beyond the immediate pain and suffering and looks to the core of human nature, recognizing the potential for redemption and transformation. His act of intercession demonstrates his unyielding desire to reconcile humanity with God, acting as the ultimate mediator between sinful humanity and a forgiving Father. In this way, Jesus exemplifies divine compassion and teaches us the power of forgiveness as an instrument of love and healing.

The Message of Forgiveness

A. Jesus’ Divine Nature and His Ability to Forgive

Jesus’ ability to offer forgiveness stems from his divine nature as the Son of God. As both fully God and fully human, he possesses the authority to absolve sins and grant reconciliation. By asking God to forgive his executioners, Jesus exemplifies his role as the Savior and the bridge between humanity and the divine. His act of forgiveness embodies the sacrificial love that underpins the Christian faith.

B. The Significance of Forgiveness in Christianity

Forgiveness lies at the core of Christianity. It is through God’s forgiveness and grace that humanity finds salvation. Jesus’ plea for forgiveness on the cross reinforces this fundamental aspect of Christianity, reminding believers of the ever-present opportunity for redemption and restoration. By forgiving others, Christians strive to emulate Jesus’ selfless act and embody the transformative power of God’s love in their own lives.

C. Jesus as a Role Model for Forgiveness and Reconciliation

Jesus’ forgiveness goes beyond an isolated act on the cross; it serves as a model for believers to follow. Jesus taught his disciples to love their enemies and to forgive without limits. His forgiveness of those who crucified him exemplifies the radical nature of Christianity, challenging conventional wisdom and societal norms. Jesus calls us to extend forgiveness even in the face of betrayal and injustice, mirroring his own self-sacrificial love.

D. Practical Implications of Forgiveness for Believers

The message of forgiveness extends beyond theological concepts and holds practical implications for believers. Forgiveness promotes healing, both individually and within communities. It releases the burden of anger, resentment, and bitterness, freeing individuals to experience emotional and spiritual growth. By forgiving others, believers foster reconciliation and contribute to the peace and unity that Jesus desired for his followers.

The Humanity’s Limited Understanding

A. Explanation of Why Jesus Asked for Forgiveness for Those Who Crucified Him

Jesus’ plea for forgiveness for those who crucified him can be understood through the lens of human ignorance. While the physical act of crucifying Jesus was committed by a specific group of individuals, Jesus recognizes that their actions were born out of limited understanding. He acknowledges the spiritual blindness and lack of awareness that influenced their decisions, appealing to God for mercy and forgiveness on their behalf.

B. Understanding the Ignorance of Those Who Crucified Jesus

The ignorance displayed by those responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion does not absolve them of responsibility; however, it offers an explanation for their actions. Many of Jesus’ contemporaries misunderstood his mission and failed to recognize his true identity as the Messiah. Their ignorance, coupled with the societal and religious pressures of the time, clouded their judgment and led to the crucifixion of the Son of God.

C. The Depth of Jesus’ Love and Compassion towards Humanity

Jesus’ plea for forgiveness encapsulates the depth of his love and compassion towards all of humanity. Despite being unjustly condemned to death, Jesus does not respond with anger or vengeance. Instead, he seeks forgiveness for his persecutors, desiring their spiritual transformation and reunion with God. This act of immense love reveals Jesus’ divine nature and his unwavering commitment to the salvation of humanity.

The Redemption through Forgiveness

A. Reflection on the Redemptive Power of Forgiveness

Forgiveness holds a redemptive power that can transform individuals and communities. Jesus’ act of forgiveness on the cross paved the way for humanity’s redemption and salvation. Through his sacrifice, Jesus offers the opportunity for forgiveness and reconciliation with God, allowing for the restoration of broken relationships and the renewal of lives touched by sin.

B. Connection between Jesus’ Sacrifice and Forgiveness

The act of forgiveness displayed by Jesus on the cross is intimately connected to his sacrificial death. Jesus willingly gave his life to atone for the sins of humanity, taking upon himself the punishment that should have been ours to bear. In this act of selflessness, Jesus offers forgiveness as a means of salvation, extending God’s grace to all who seek it.

C. The Transformative Impact of Forgiveness on Individuals and Communities

Forgiveness has the power to transform individuals and communities by breaking the chains of guilt and shame. When forgiveness is extended and received, it brings healing and restoration to wounded hearts and fractured relationships. By embracing forgiveness, individuals can experience freedom, peace, and a renewed sense of purpose. As forgiveness permeates communities, it fosters unity and reconciliation, promoting a culture of love and acceptance.

D. Encouragement to Practice Forgiveness in Daily Life

Inspired by Jesus’ first last words, believers are called to practice forgiveness in their daily lives. Just as Jesus forgave unconditionally, Christians are called to extend forgiveness to others, even in the face of great pain and betrayal. By forgiving, believers participate in the redemptive work of Jesus and bear witness to the transformative power of God’s love. Forgiveness enables individuals to experience healing, reconcile relationships, and live in alignment with the teachings of Christ.

The Last Words in the Context of Jesus’ Crucifixion

A. Overview of the Events Leading to Jesus’ Crucifixion

To fully grasp the significance of Jesus’ first last words, it is essential to understand the events that led to his crucifixion. From his arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane to the series of trials before religious and political authorities, Jesus endured physical and emotional torment. The culmination of these events was his crucifixion, a brutal execution method reserved for the most heinous criminals of the time.

B. The Significance of the First Last Words

Jesus’ first last words hold immense significance as they set the tone for his final moments on the cross. While subsequent statements provide further insight into his mission and the salvation he offers, his first words establish the central theme of forgiveness and demonstrate his unparalleled love for humanity. They serve as a powerful reminder of the divine purpose behind Jesus’ sacrifice.

C. Comparison to Other Last Words of Jesus on the Cross

Although Jesus spoke several times while hanging on the cross, his first statement stands out due to its focus on forgiveness. While subsequent last words offer additional teachings and expressions of love, it is the plea for forgiveness that encapsulates the essence of Jesus’ mission and his desire for humanity’s redemption.

D. Understanding the Sequential Development of Jesus’ Statements

Jesus’ last words on the cross are not isolated statements but rather form a sequential progression that reflects the unfolding purpose of his sacrifice. Each utterance builds upon the previous one, revealing a comprehensive message of love, redemption, and victory over sin and death. By studying the sequence of Jesus’ last words, believers can gain a deeper appreciation for the profound theological truths embedded within them.


In the first last words of Jesus, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do,” we witness a profound act of compassion and forgiveness. Jesus’ plea for forgiveness sets the stage for his ultimate sacrifice and demonstrates his divine love for all of humanity. By extending forgiveness to his executioners, Jesus exemplifies the transformative power of forgiveness and calls his followers to emulate his example. As we reflect on Jesus’ first last words, may we be inspired to cultivate forgiveness in our own lives and extend the transformative power of love and reconciliation to the world around us.


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