The 9th comma rule is a grammatical rule that states when a sentence has a string of adjectives or adverbs, or both, the 9th word in the list must be preceded by a comma. This rule is meant to help improve the flow of a sentence by making it easier for the reader to parse.
The 9th comma rule applies most often to lists of adjectives and adverbs, as well as some other types of phrases. For example, if someone were to say “The big red balloon was filled with helium”, there would not be a comma between “big” and “red” because there are only two words in the list.
However, if someone were to say “The big, heavy, red, bouncy balloon was filled with helium,” there would be a comma after “heavy” because it is the 9th word in the list. This rules also applies to lists of nouns as well, as in “This book is full of stories, essays, comics, and poems.”
The 9th comma would come after comics.
Why is the Oxford comma not used anymore?
The Oxford comma, also known as the “serial comma”, is a comma used immediately before the last item in a series of items. It is not used as commonly as it used to be, as its usage is often a matter of style preference rather than a matter of correctness.
Different style guides and publications often have different opinions on the propriety of its use. Ultimately, it is up to the writer to decide whether it should be used or not, depending on the style they are following and the point they are trying to make.
In recent years, the Oxford comma has fallen out of favor with many due to its ‘unnecessary’ usage. As a result, it is not used as often as it was in the past.
What is Oxford comma and why is it used?
The Oxford comma, also known as the “serial comma” or the “Harvard comma,” is the final comma in a list of items, preceding the word ‘and’ or ‘or’. For example, in the sentence, “I went to the store to buy oranges, apples, and bananas,” the Oxford comma is the comma after the word “apples.”
It is also commonly used in legal documents, lists, and academic papers.
The use of the Oxford comma is primarily a stylistic choice, as it is not always necessary for clarity. Grammarians who favor its use argue that it eliminates confusion and ambiguous meanings that could arise from a series of items in a list.
For instance, without the Oxford comma, the sentence “I went to the store to buy oranges, apples and bananas” could mean that only oranges and a combination of apples and bananas were being purchased.
On the other hand, with the Oxford comma, the meaning of the sentence is clearer.
The Oxford comma is still a source of contention in the English language, as there is no one definitive opinion regarding its use.
What is the difference between an Oxford comma and a regular comma?
An Oxford comma, also known as a serial comma, is a comma placed between the last two items in a series of three or more items. For example, if you were writing a sentence that includes a list of three items, you would insert an Oxford comma before “and” or “or” that precedes the final item in the list.
By contrast, a regular comma, which is also known as a Harvard comma, is a comma that is used to separate each element of a list, regardless of the length of the list. This means that even if there is only one item in the list, a regular comma must still be used.
For example, if you are writing a sentence that includes the word “potatoes”, you would use a regular comma after the word “potatoes” in order to separate it from the rest of the sentence.
Is Oxford comma correct in American English?
The Oxford comma, also known as a serial comma, is correct in American English, although it is not always necessary. In American English, a comma should be included before a coordinating conjunction – such as “and,” “but,” and “or” – when creating a list of three or more items.
The Oxford comma is used just before that final coordinating conjunction, to separate the last item in the list. For example: “I went to the store, picked up milk, eggs, and bread.” Whether to use the Oxford comma is largely a personal style choice, but the consensus within the United States is that it should be used.
Certain style guides in the United States, such as the Associated Press Stylebook (AP Style), recommend against the use of the Oxford comma, and with other style guides, such as The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), it is required.
In the end, it is up to individual writers to decide whether to use it or not.
Why do they call it the Oxford comma?
The Oxford comma, also known as the serial comma, is so-named because it originated at the Oxford University Press in the early 20th century. The Oxford comma is a punctuation mark that, when used, appears between the penultimate and last items in a list.
It is also used between two adjectives that modify a single noun. Even though more formal writing styles often include the Oxford comma, it is not always required by style guides or editors. The Oxford comma has been a subject of heated debate among style guides and grammar aficionados alike.
Proponents of the Oxford comma point out the advantages of clarity and consistency, while opponents argue that the comma is unnecessary and might even be distracting. Regardless of whether or not one is “for” or “against” the Oxford comma, the use of the Oxford comma is simply a stylistic choice and should not have a bearing on one’s writing proficiency.
Moreover, it is important to keep in mind that every publication has its own style guide and it is best to be aware of the conventions specific to one’s intended audience.
What do the British call a comma?
The British, like many other English-speaking nations, refer to a comma as a “comma”. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a comma as a “punctuation mark (,), used especially to indicate an optional pause, or to separate parts of a sentence or element of a list”.
The Oxford Guide to Writing and Editing notes that in British English punctuation, a comma is usually used to separate items in a series, clarity in writing, and introduce subordinate clauses. Additionally, British English speakers also use two commas to frame certain adverbs; this is often referred to as a “comma set”.
What is Harvard comma example?
The Harvard comma, also known as an Oxford comma or serial comma, is a comma that appears before the coordinating conjunction (usually and or or) in a list of three or more items. For example, “She took a deep breath, held it, and stepped onto the stage.”
The Harvard comma is not always necessary, such as when two items are being listed, “She took a deep breath and held it,” however, some sources recommend it for consistency and clarity, especially with complex sentences.
Is the Oxford comma the same as the Harvard comma?
No, the Oxford comma (also called the “serial comma”) and the Harvard comma are not the same. The Oxford comma is the final comma used before the last item in a list of three or more items, while the Harvard comma is used to separate the elements of a complete date (where the month, day, and year are each separated with a comma).
The Oxford comma is much more widely used than the Harvard comma, but its usage is typically optional.
What are the 3 rules for commas?
The three rules for using commas are as follows:
1. Use commas to separate items in a list. For example, in the sentence “I bought oranges, apples, and bananas from the grocery store” commas are used after “oranges,” “apples,” and before “and” to separate the items in the list.
2. Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. Coordinate adjectives are adjectives that can be switched in order without changing the meaning of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “I found a small, fluffy, white puppy” commas are used after “small” and “fluffy” to separate the coordinate adjectives.
3. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by a coordinating conjunction such as “and,” “but,” or “or.” For example, in the sentence “I wanted to go to the party, but I had to study” commas are used before and after the coordinating conjunction “but” to separate the two independent clauses.
How do you know when to put a comma in a sentence?
Commas are mainly used to separate parts of a sentence, such as to separate two or more independent clauses, indicate a pause between ideas, or set off certain words, phrases, and clauses. Knowing when to use a comma can be tricky, so it’s important to familiarize yourself with the general rules.
In general, commas can be used to separate items in a list, after introductory words or phrases, in sentences containing conjunctions, or to set off non-essential clauses or phrases. Additionally, commas can be used with quotation marks, before conjunctive adverbs, and in direct address.
To learn when to use commas, review the list of comma rules, consult your favorite style guide, or read additional examples of how commas are used.
Do you put a comma before but?
This largely depends on the context of the sentence and whether you are using a comma for a conjunction or for another purpose. Generally, if you are using the term “but” to join two independent clauses (sentences that can stand alone), then you should use a comma before the word.
For example: “I wanted to go outside, but it was raining.” However, if you are using the word “but” to join two parts of a sentence that are not independent clauses, then a comma is not necessary. For example: “The weather was wet but not cold.”