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What is the love of a parent for a child called?

The love a parent has for their child is one of the strongest bonds in human nature. This profound and unconditional love is referred to by many names that try to capture its depth and meaning.

Unconditional Love

One of the most common ways to describe a parent’s love for their child is “unconditional love.” This refers to a love that has no limits or conditions attached. A parent loves their child simply for who they are, not for what they do or accomplish. This love is given freely, regardless of the child’s behavior, faults, or mistakes. A parent’s love remains constant even when the child disappoints them or makes poor choices. This unconditional gift of love fosters security and self-esteem in a developing child.

Sacrificial Love

A parent’s love is also known as a “sacrificial love” because of the many sacrifices parents make for the well-being of their children. From the moment a child is conceived, parents sacrifice their time, resources, careers, hobbies, money, sleep, and even their own needs at times, all for the benefit of the child. This sacrificial love continues from infancy through adulthood. Parents make daily sacrifices small and large to provide for both the physical and emotional needs of their children.

Boundless Love

The depth of a parent’s love for a child is often described as “boundless” or “immeasurable.” There seem to be no limits on how much a parent can love their child. Through all of life’s ups and downs, this love remains beyond measure. Even if a child makes choices the parent disagrees with, the love a parent has for their child still knows no bounds. It transcends any faults or flaws and overlooks any shortcomings. A parent’s love for a child stretches deeper than any ocean and reaches higher than any mountain.

Infinite Love

A parent’s love is also “infinite” – it is never ending, with no point at which it runs out or fades. From the moment a child is born until the day the parent dies, this love continues to grow and expand. It persists throughout all of life’s stages, transitions, and changes. This infinite love remains constant as both parent and child age and go through life. Even after a parent passes away, their infinite love leaves an indelible imprint on a child that remains for life.

Selfless Love

The love a parent feels is often described as “selfless” because a parent consistently puts their child’s needs above their own. Parenting requires daily acts of selflessness both large and small in which a parent sacrifices their own desires for the good of the child. Whether it’s waking up for late night feedings, driving carpool, paying for music lessons, or saving for college, parents regularly make choices that elevate their child’s well-being above their own.

Nurturing Love

“Nurturing love” captures the gentle care and tenderness parents provide as they do their best to support the growth and development of their child. Parents offer nurturing love through their affection, encouragement, comfort, and protection. This love shelters children as they learn about the world, make mistakes, and develop new skills. A parent’s nurturing love provides a safe home base from which a child can explore life.

Everlasting Love

The love a parent has for their child is “everlasting” – it lasts a lifetime without fading. From the exciting firsts of infancy to the difficult transitions of adolescence to the bittersweet stages of letting go in adulthood, a parent’s love remains constant. This steadfast and enduring love offers support no matter what age or stage of life the child is in. Though seasons and circumstances change, a parent’s love stays true throughout all of life’s chapters.

Historical Perspectives on Parental Love

While parental love is widely regarded as important today, perceptions of parenting and parental love have changed over time. Here is an overview of how views on parental love have evolved throughout history:

Time Period View of Parental Love
Ancient and Medieval Periods Parental love seen as primarily practical – to pass on lineage, property, skills. Less emphasis on emotional bonding.
Renaissance and Enlightenment Emerging positive view of childhood. Greater value placed on cultivating children’s abilities and strengthening family bonds.
Industrial Revolution (18th-19th Centuries) Children seen as more sentimentalized and priceless rather than economic contributors. Primary parental role shifted to moral development and character building.
Turn of the 20th Century Parental advice books emphasized scientific principles but still urged parents to reserve displays of affection.
Mid 20th Century Following WWII, rising emphasis on bonding through quality time, physical affection, attachment and actively nurturing emotional needs.
Late 20th Century Onwards High value placed on “good parenting,” being emotionally in tune with children’s needs, and supporting their self-esteem.

While views vary on specifics, most modern experts agree that parental love lays a crucial foundation in a child’s life and healthy development.

The Power of a Parent’s Love

Numerous studies reveal the lifelong impact that a parent’s love has on a child’s well-being and success. Here are some of the key benefits supported by research:

  • Higher self-esteem and self-worth
  • Better coping skills and resilience
  • Healthier attachment and relating in adulthood
  • Decreased risk of mental health issues like depression and anxiety
  • Greater academic motivation and educational achievement
  • Stronger ability to show empathy and compassion
  • Lower likelihood of engaging in high risk or delinquent behaviors
  • Better physical health and lower risk of disease later in life

Clearly, a parent’s enduring love provides a vital protective factor that helps children thrive.

Parental Love and the Brain

Parental love even shapes the physical structure of the brain. Key areas enlarged and strengthened by loving parental bonds include:

  • Prefrontal cortex – governs complex cognitive behaviors and emotional regulation
  • Left temporal lobe – involved in verbal communication and language
  • Limbic system – regulates emotions and social functioning
  • Hippocampus – important for learning and memory

These neural effects last well into adulthood and influence learning, behavior, and mental health.

Expressions of Parental Love

Parental love expresses itself in many ways. While each family is unique, some common ways parents show love include:

  • Physical affection – Hugs, kisses, cuddles, holding hands
  • Praise and encouragement – Celebrating accomplishments, highlighting strengths
  • Quality time – Sharing activities, rituals, holidays, everyday moments
  • Gift giving – Special treats, favorite foods, meaningful objects
  • Help and caregiving – Nursing wounds, providing comfort through sadness and illness
  • Protection – Keeping child safe from emotional and physical harm
  • Listening – Being attentive to thoughts, feelings, dreams
  • Empathy – Connecting to child’s inner emotional world

Simple expressions of affection, joy, pride and support all convey the depths of a parent’s love.

Importance for Child Development

Why is experiencing parental love so essential for children’s growth? Some of the key reasons include:

  • Security – Love provides a secure base, allowing a child to explore the world with confidence.
  • Self-worth – Love fosters self-esteem and teaches a child they are valued for who they are.
  • Emotional skills – Love helps a child identify, understand and regulate their emotions.
  • Empathy – Love models compassion, caring and respect for others.
  • Resilience – Love equips a child to cope with stress and bounce back from adversity.
  • Social competence – Love teaches relationship skills that benefit life-long relating and friendships.

In short, parental love lays a foundation from which the whole scaffolding of the self develops.

Bonding and Attachment

Parental bonds begin forming immediately after birth. Key bonding and attachment behaviors include:

  • Skin-to-skin contact right after delivery
  • Gaze – Mutual eye contact between parent and newborn
  • Vocalizations – Baby’s cries, parents’ soothing voices
  • Scent – Infants recognize mothers’ natural odor
  • Breastfeeding – Nursing supports attachment and regulation
  • Touch – Stroking, kissing, cuddling meet baby’s needs for contact

These interactions program infants’ brains for secure attachment, trust, and thriving relationships throughout life.

Attachment Styles

Early attachment patterns often persist, shaping emotional health. Main infant/parent attachment styles include:

Attachment Style Characteristics
Secure Child feels safe exploring when parent is present. Upset when parent leaves but happy at reunion. Able to be comforted.
Avoidant Child indifferent to parent, doesn’t seek contact or comfort. Little emotional range – neither upset at leaving or joyful at return.
Ambivalent/Resistant Child very distressed when parent leaves, ambivalent at reunion. Hard to soothe, often angry/clingy.
Disorganized Child lacks clear attachment behavior. May freeze, seem dazed or act contradictory – approaching but not wanting contact.

Secure attachment results from responsive, consistent, nurturing care. It provides an optimal foundation.

Stages of Parental Love

A parent’s love evolves with each phase of a child’s development. Key stages include:

Infancy (0 -1 years)

  • Meeting baby’s basic survival needs – feeding, changing, soothing
  • Cuddling, stroking, kissing helps infant feel loved
  • Gaze, talk, sing to foster bonding and early communication
  • Responding promptly to cries communicates care

Toddlerhood (1 – 3 years)

  • Ongoing physical affection and closeness
  • Engaging in play together
  • Encouraging early accomplishments
  • Gently guiding challenging behaviors
  • Introducing concepts of sharing, empathy
  • Lots of patience!

Preschool (3 – 5 years)

  • Praising efforts and interests
  • Sharing imagination and make believe
  • Snuggling together with picture books
  • Explaining emotions, working through feelings
  • Teaching turn-taking, manners, cooperation

Middle Childhood (6 – 12 years)

  • Respecting growing independence but still guiding choices
  • Encouraging involvement in hobbies, teams, school
  • Helping with homework, projects
  • Getting to know friends and participating in activities
  • Discussing puberty, social issues emerging at this age

Adolescence (13 – 18 years)

  • Being available when teen is willing to open up
  • Guiding and advising around ever expanding freedoms
  • Respecting teen’s growing need for privacy and autonomy
  • Acknowledging accomplishments and milestones
  • Discussing future plans without overpressuring

As life stages progress, parental love evolves but remains constant in new forms.

Challenges to Parental Love

Despite parents’ best intentions, various issues can strain the parental bond. Some common challenges include:

  • Parental mental health issues – Depression, addiction, trauma can impact ability to bond.
  • High conflict divorces – Can diminish nurturing if parents are caught in animosity.
  • Economic insecurity – Financial stress limits resources and strains time and patience.
  • Child temperament – More demanding babies and spirited children require extra empathy and skill.
  • Special needs – Medical/developmental issues may require adjustments to connect and attach.
  • Cultural factors – Gender, religious or ethnic traditions shape parental roles and norms.

With care, compassion and support, most obstacles to parental love can be overcome.


A parent’s love shapes the foundation of a child’s life. Its power and influence cannot be overstated. Though described in many ways, parental love connects human beings to their earliest experiences of unconditional acceptance, care, guidance and belonging in the world. This bond remains an essential force throughout the journeys of childhood to adulthood. In nurturing our children, parents also cultivate hope, empathy and goodness in humankind.