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What vitamin helps lower sodium?

Sodium is an important electrolyte that helps regulate fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle function. However, consuming too much sodium can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and other health problems. While reducing sodium intake is key, certain vitamins and minerals can also help lower sodium levels in the body.


Potassium helps lower sodium levels by balancing fluid levels in the body. It works against sodium to relax blood vessel walls, lowering blood pressure. Potassium also helps the kidneys excrete more sodium through urine. Excellent sources of potassium include:

  • Bananas
  • Avocados
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Spinach
  • Beans
  • Salmon
  • Yogurt

The recommended potassium intake is 4,700mg per day. However, most people only get around half that amount. Increasing potassium intake can significantly reduce sodium levels and lower blood pressure.


Calcium also aids in sodium excretion. It binds to sodium in the intestines and kidneys, prompting the body to flush out excess sodium before it gets absorbed into the bloodstream. Dairy products are excellent sources of calcium:

  • Milk
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Fortified non-dairy milk
  • Canned fish with bones
  • Fortified cereals
  • Dark leafy greens

Aim for 1,000-1,200mg of calcium per day from foods and supplements if needed. Getting enough calcium can reduce sodium absorption and lower blood pressure.


Magnesium is another mineral that counteracts sodium. It relaxes blood vessels and signals the kidneys to remove more sodium through urine. Good magnesium sources include:

  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Legumes
  • Whole grains
  • Fortified cereals and milk
  • Fatty fish

The RDA for magnesium is 400-420mg per day for most adults. Magnesium supplements may also help reduce sodium levels, especially for those with high blood pressure or magnesium deficiency.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C supports kidney function and sodium excretion. It’s also a powerful antioxidant that protects against cellular damage caused by excess sodium. Excellent vitamin C sources include:

  • Citrus fruits
  • Peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Potatoes

The recommended vitamin C intake is 75-90mg per day. Supplements may provide an additional boost for those with high blood pressure.

Vitamin D

Research shows vitamin D may help reduce elevated blood pressure and sodium levels. Vitamin D improves endothelial cell function, allowing blood vessels to relax and lower blood pressure. Some vitamin D sources include:

  • Sunlight
  • Fortified milk and yogurt
  • Egg yolks
  • Fatty fish
  • Mushrooms
  • Supplements

Aim for 600-800 IU of vitamin D per day from sun exposure, foods, and supplements as needed. Optimizing vitamin D levels can support healthy blood pressure.

Other Helpful Nutrients

Some other vitamins and minerals that aid sodium excretion and support healthy blood pressure include:

  • Fiber – binds to sodium in the digestive tract
  • Probiotics – support gut health and sodium excretion
  • Omega-3s – reduce inflammation and lower blood pressure
  • CoQ10 – boosts energy production in cells
  • Alpha-lipoic acid – antioxidant that improves insulin sensitivity

Key Takeaways

Here are the key points on vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that help lower sodium:

  • Potassium, calcium, and magnesium all promote sodium excretion through urine.
  • Vitamin C is an antioxidant that supports kidney function and sodium elimination.
  • Vitamin D helps improve blood vessel function and reduce blood pressure.
  • Fiber, probiotics, omega-3s, CoQ10, and alpha-lipoic acid also help lower sodium levels.
  • Focus on getting these nutrients from whole foods as part of a balanced, low-sodium diet.
  • Supplements can provide an additional boost if needed.

Foods Low in Sodium

Eating more fresh, whole foods that are naturally low in sodium can also reduce sodium intake. Here is a table of foods that are low in sodium:

Food Group Low-Sodium Foods
Fruits and Vegetables Fresh or frozen varieties without added sauces or salt
Grains Brown rice, quinoa, oats, whole wheat pasta
Proteins Skinless poultry, fish, eggs, beans, lentils, tofu
Dairy Milk, yogurt, cheese
Nuts and Seeds Unsalted nuts and seeds
Healthy Fats Olive oil, avocado, coconut oil
Beverages Water, unsweetened tea, coffee

Dietary Approaches to Lowering Sodium

Along with focusing on specific nutrients and low-sodium foods, some dietary patterns are effective for reducing sodium intake:

  • DASH diet – Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy. Limits sodium, sweets, and saturated fat.
  • Mediterranean diet – High in produce, whole grains, fish, nuts and healthy fats like olive oil. Low in processed and high-sodium foods.
  • Plant-based diet – Focuses on minimally processed plant foods and limits meat, dairy, and salty packaged foods.

Following an eating pattern tailored to lowering sodium can make it easier to meet your sodium goals and improve health.

Other Sodium-Lowering Tips

Here are some other tips to reduce sodium intake:

  • Choose low-sodium or no salt added versions of canned goods, condiments, stocks, and spices
  • Limit processed meats like deli meat, bacon, sausages, and ham
  • Rinse canned foods to remove some sodium
  • Avoid adding salt during cooking and limit table salt
  • Read nutrition labels and aim for under 300mg sodium per serving
  • Flavor foods with herbs, spices, citrus, vinegar instead of salt

Supplements for Lowering Sodium

These supplements may aid in sodium reduction and managing blood pressure:

  • Potassium – Helps kidneys excrete sodium. Opt for potassium gluconate or citrate. Limit to 99mg per dose.
  • Magnesium – Relaxes blood vessels. Glycinate and citrate forms are highly bioavailable.
  • Calcium – Supports sodium excretion. Calcium citrate is easily absorbed.
  • Vitamin C – Potent antioxidant. Look for buffered or esterified forms.
  • Coenzyme Q10 – Boosts cellular energy. Ubiquinol form is most potent.

Always consult your healthcare provider before starting any new supplement, especially with medications or medical conditions.


Sodium reduction is important for controlling blood pressure and reducing heart disease risk. Focus on getting more potassium, calcium, magnesium, and vitamin C from whole foods. DASH, Mediterranean, and plant-based diets are effective low-sodium eating patterns. Read labels, minimize processed foods, and flavor dishes with herbs and spices instead of salt. Supplements like potassium, magnesium, and coenzyme Q10 can provide additional support when paired with a healthy diet.