Skip to Content

Can cocoa powder be used for chocolate?

Cocoa powder is a product derived from cacao beans that have been roasted, shelled, and ground into a fine powder. It is most commonly used to make hot chocolate drinks and baked goods like cakes and cookies. However, cocoa powder contains no added sugars or fats, unlike typical chocolate bars and candies. So can you use cocoa powder alone to make chocolate confections like chocolate bars and truffles? The short answer is yes, but there are some important considerations when using cocoa powder to make chocolate.

What is cocoa powder?

Cocoa powder starts as cacao beans that grow in pods on the Theobroma cacao tree. Once harvested, the cacao beans are fermented, dried, roasted, shelled, and ground. During the grinding process, the components separate into two products: cocoa butter and cocoa powder.

Cocoa butter is the naturally occurring fat in the cacao beans. It gives chocolate its signature smooth, rich texture. Cocoa powder is what remains after the cocoa butter is pressed out. It contains proteins, carbohydrates, antioxidants, and other dry particles.

There are two main types of unsweetened cocoa powder:

Natural cocoa powder

This type of cocoa powder undergoes less processing. It retains more of the cocoa butter, usually around 10-12%. Natural cocoa powder has a deeper chocolate flavor and darker color.

Dutched cocoa powder

Dutched cocoa powder is treated with an alkalizing agent to neutralize its pH level. This process gives it a milder flavor and a darker color. Dutching also allows the powder to mix more smoothly into liquids. Most supermarket cocoa powders are Dutched.

Both natural and Dutched cocoa powders provide chocolate flavor and color without adding fat or sugar. But they lack the necessary cocoa butter content to produce smooth, fluid chocolate on their own.

Can you make chocolate with just cocoa powder?

To make solid chocolate and chocolate confections, you need three main components:

– Cocoa solids – This provides chocolate flavor and color. Cocoa powder contributes the cocoa solids.

– Cocoa butter – This gives chocolate its signature melt-in-your-mouth texture. Cocoa powder contains only 10-12% cocoa butter at most.

– Sweetener – Sugar or other sweeteners offset the natural bitterness of chocolate and enhance the flavor. Cocoa powder alone is unsweetened.

So in theory, you can make chocolate with 100% cocoa powder. But without adding cocoa butter and a sweetener, the result will be a dry, crumbly, bitter mixture that does not resemble smooth, creamy chocolate.

How to make chocolate with cocoa powder

To make proper chocolate and chocolate confections using cocoa powder, you need to add sufficient cocoa butter and sweetener. Here are two methods:

Method 1: Cocoa powder + cocoa butter + sweetener

This involves sourcing and adding pure cocoa butter and your sweetener of choice to the cocoa powder.

For dark chocolate, use:
– 1 cup cocoa powder
– 1/2 cup cocoa butter
– 1/2 cup sweetener like sugar or honey

For milk or white chocolate, also add:
– 1/2 cup powdered milk or powdered dehydrated coconut milk

1. Combine the cocoa powder and sweetener in a bowl. Mix thoroughly to distribute the sweetener evenly.
2. Melt the cocoa butter slowly over low heat or in the microwave. It should be fully liquid with no lumps.
3. Pour the melted cocoa butter into the cocoa powder mixture. Stir vigorously until it forms a smooth, glossy paste.
4. Allow the chocolate paste to solidify by cooling it in the fridge for 30 minutes.
5. When solid, remove from fridge and temper by heating and cooling to stabilze it for dipping, molding, etc.
6. Use the chocolate as you would regular chocolate in recipes or confections.

Method 2: Cocoa powder + chocolate chips + sweetener

Semi-sweet or dark chocolate chips contain both cocoa solids and cocoa butter. So you can use them to make chocolate without needing separate cocoa butter.

For dark chocolate, combine:
– 1 cup cocoa powder
– 1 cup dark chocolate chips
– 1/4 cup sweetener

For milk chocolate, use:
– 1 cup cocoa powder
– 1 cup milk chocolate chips
– 1/4 cup sweetener

1. Gently melt the chocolate chips over low heat or in a microwave until smooth and liquid.
2. Add the cocoa powder and sweetener. Stir together until fully incorporated.
3. Allow to cool and solidify as above. Temper and use as regular chocolate.

Ideal cocoa powder ratios for chocolate making

For the smoothest, best quality chocolate, you want to use the right ratios of cocoa powder and cocoa butter.

Some ideal percentages to aim for are:

Type of Chocolate Cocoa Powder Cocoa Butter
Dark 25% 35%
Milk 25% 30%
White 20% 35%

So for a 1 cup batch of dark chocolate, use:
– 1/4 cup cocoa powder
– 1/3 cup cocoa butter
– 1/3 cup sweetener

Getting the ratios of cocoa solids and butter close to those in regular chocolate will give you the best consistency for dipping, molding, etc.

Tips for using homemade cocoa powder chocolate

Here are some helpful tips when making and working with chocolate made from cocoa powder:

– Start with high quality, fresh cocoa powder for the best flavor. Avoid old or stale powder.

– Load up on the sweetener to mask any bitterness from the extra cocoa powder.

– Conching the chocolate paste smooths and mellows the flavor. Conching involves prolonged stirring while heating at low temps.

– Tempering is crucial for stabilizing homemade chocolate for dipping or molding. This involves carefully heating and cooling the chocolate to form the proper cocoa crystal structure.

– Store homemade chocolate confections in an airtight container in a cool place. Without preservatives, they have a shorter shelf life than commercial candies.

– Use homemade chocolate within a couple weeks for the freshest taste and texture. Freeze any extra for later.

Types of confections you can make

Here are some of the chocolate confections you can make using cocoa powder if you get the ratios and techniques right:

Chocolate bars

Make candy bar-style chocolate by pouring tempered chocolate into molds, refrigerating to harden, and unmolding. Score and break chocolate into bar portions.

Chocolate chips or chunks

Drop spoonfuls of tempered chocolate onto a baking sheet. Refrigerate until hardened, then chop into chip size pieces. Use in cookies, trail mix, etc.


Roll scoops of chilled chocolate into balls. Optional – coat in cocoa powder, crushed nuts, sprinkles, etc. Refrigerate to harden.

Chocolate-dipped treats

Dip cookies, fruit, pretzels, etc into tempered chocolate. Allow excess to drip off and refrigerate to set.

Chocolate bark

Spread tempered chocolate in a thin layer on parchment. Sprinkle with nuts, dried fruit, etc. Refrigerate until set and break into pieces.

Chocolate spreads

Blend chocolate paste while warm with hazelnut butter, speculoos cookie crumbs, or other mix-ins until thick and smooth.


Cocoa powder contains no fat or sweeteners on its own. To make true chocolate and confections with cocoa powder, you need to add cocoa butter and a sweetener in proper proportions. With some care taken to temper and handle the chocolate, homemade chocolate using cocoa powder can rival store-bought. DIY chocolate makes for a fun, rewarding kitchen experiment for any chocolate lover.