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Is it harder to get pregnant after a miscarriage?

It’s a common question for women who have had a miscarriage – will it be harder for me to get pregnant again? The short answer is, it depends. For most women, there are no major issues with fertility after one miscarriage. However, recurrent miscarriages or other complicating factors can make getting pregnant more difficult. Here’s an in-depth look at how miscarriage affects fertility and your chances of getting pregnant again.

Does a miscarriage affect your fertility?

For the most part, having one miscarriage does not negatively impact your fertility or make it harder to get pregnant again. Studies show that women who have had only one miscarriage have similar conception rates as women who have never miscarried. The majority are able to get pregnant within 3-6 months after a miscarriage.

However, having multiple miscarriages may signal an underlying condition that makes it more difficult to carry a pregnancy to term. About 1% of couples experience recurrent pregnancy loss, defined as two or more consecutive miscarriages. Several factors could contribute to recurrent miscarriages, including:

  • Uterine abnormalities
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Chromosomal abnormalities in one or both parents

Women with recurrent pregnancy loss may need additional testing and fertility treatments to identify potential causes and support a successful pregnancy. The more miscarriages a woman has, the lower her chances typically are of conceiving and maintaining a pregnancy.

Does age affect fertility after miscarriage?

A woman’s age is a significant factor in fertility and the ability to conceive after a miscarriage. Younger women generally bounce back faster and have higher pregnancy rates in the 6 months following a miscarriage. Women over age 35 may find it takes slightly longer to get pregnant again.

As women get closer to age 40, the natural decline in ovarian function makes it harder to get pregnant regardless of miscarriage history. However, studies show that across all age groups, a single miscarriage alone does not indicate reduced fertility or make it significantly harder to conceive compared to those without prior miscarriage.

Does the type of miscarriage impact fertility?

Miscarriages occur for different reasons, which may influence time to conception and fertility after a loss. Here is how different types of miscarriage may affect your ability to get pregnant again:

Chemical pregnancy: About 15-25% of all pregnancies end in chemical pregnancy, defined as a very early loss before 5 weeks gestation. Chemical pregnancies do not affect ovarian reserve or fertility, and most women can get pregnant again right away.

Missed miscarriage: Also called a silent miscarriage, this occurs when the embryo stops developing but tissue remains in the uterus. Missed miscarriages are often detected at the first ultrasound appointment around 8-10 weeks. Studies show this type of miscarriage does not make it harder to conceive again.

Miscarriage with complications: Miscarriages involving a procedure like D&C to remove tissue, excessive bleeding, or infection may require additional recovery time before trying to conceive again. However, the miscarriage itself does not impact long-term fertility if no structural damage occurred.

Recurrent pregnancy loss: As mentioned earlier, multiple consecutive miscarriages may signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment before a successful pregnancy can occur. Your doctor can run tests to pinpoint potential causes.

Can lifestyle factors influence fertility after miscarriage?

Certain lifestyle factors and health conditions unrelated to the miscarriage itself can make it more difficult to conceive. Some tips that may help improve fertility after a miscarriage include:

  • Achieving a healthy BMI – Being underweight, overweight, or obese can affect ovulation.
  • Quitting smoking – Smoking negatively impacts egg quality.
  • Limiting alcohol – Heavy drinking can disrupt menstruation.
  • Managing chronic illnesses – Medical conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, diabetes, and celiac disease can interfere with fertility if not properly controlled.
  • Taking prenatal vitamins with folate – Start at least 3 months before trying to conceive again.

Making positive lifestyle changes and working with your doctor to manage any underlying medical problems can help increase your chances of conception after miscarriage.

What are the options if it’s taking longer to conceive after miscarriage?

For women under 35, doctors generally recommend trying to conceive naturally for 6 months after a miscarriage before seeking fertility testing or treatment. If you are over 35 or have had multiple miscarriages, it’s reasonable to seek help sooner if needed to achieve a successful pregnancy. Options may include:

  • Fertility medications – Clomiphene and letrozole can stimulate ovulation.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – A processed sperm sample is placed directly in the uterus.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) – Eggs and sperm are combined in a lab to create embryos and transferred to the uterus.
  • Surgery – To correct uterine abnormalities, fibroids, endometriosis, or structural causes of recurrent miscarriage.

You and your partner should talk with a fertility specialist if you are concerned about your ability to conceive after one or more miscarriages. They can review your history, perform testing, and discuss options tailored to your situation.

Supporting emotional health after miscarriage

Miscarriage can be emotionally traumatic, leaving anxiety, depression, and fear about trying to conceive again. Be gentle with yourself and take time to grieve. Seek support from your partner, friends, family, support groups, or a mental health professional. Emotional health plays a role in your physical ability to conceive. Give yourself permission to feel ready before trying again. When you are ready, focus on staying hopeful and keeping stress levels low.


For most couples, a single miscarriage does not negatively impact the chances of having a successful pregnancy in the future. fertility generally rebounds within a few months for women under 35. Recurrent miscarriages, maternal age, and some medical conditions can make getting pregnant more difficult. Work with your doctor to identify and address any factors that may be affecting your fertility after a miscarriage. Staying healthy, managing stress, and leveraging fertility treatments when needed can help aid your path to parenthood.