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Is it wise to stockpile food?

Food stockpiling, also known as food hoarding, refers to the practice of building up a large supply of non-perishable food items in anticipation of a disaster or emergency. In recent years, there has been growing interest in stockpiling food due to concerns over potential disruptions to food supply chains from events like natural disasters, pandemics, economic crises, or social unrest.

Some people choose to stockpile food as part of their emergency preparedness plans to ensure their families have enough to eat if grocery stores are closed or food deliveries are disrupted for an extended period of time. Others see stockpiling as a way to hedge against food inflation or shortages by purchasing extra food now while prices are lower.

But is stockpiling food truly wise? There are pros and cons to consider. Here we examine the key factors around stockpiling food and whether it makes sense as part of your household’s disaster preparedness strategy.

Reasons People Stockpile Food

There are several motivations that drive people to start stockpiling food:

Disaster/Emergency Preparation

The number one reason people stockpile food is to prepare for disasters or emergencies that could disrupt normal access to food. Having extra supplies on hand provides a buffer in case you cannot get to a grocery store or if stores run out of needed items. Natural disasters like hurricanes, blizzards, and earthquakes can cut off access to food delivery routes and shut down stores. Pandemics may force quarantines and food supply issues. Loss of a job or income can make buying groceries difficult. Stockpiling ensures you have food during these turbulent times.

Fear of Food Shortages

Concerns over potential food shortages also motivate some people to stockpile. Fears of shortages may stem from worries about strains on natural resources, impacts of climate change, instability in food exporting regions, rising global food demand, and more. Stockpiling food gives peace of mind that your family will have enough to eat if food does become scarce.

Inflation Protection

Stocking up when prices are lower provides savings compared to buying in the future when prices have risen due to inflation. Having a stockpile buffers the impact of food inflation on your grocery budget. It allows you to rotate through what you already have on hand rather than paying higher prices at the store.

Interest in Self-Sufficiency

Some stockpilers are striving for self-sufficiency and less reliance on external systems for basic necessities like food. Stockpiling is a step towards providing for more of your own needs and becoming less dependent on grocery stores and supply chains. Interest in self-sufficiency often increases after major disaster events that disrupt normal ways of life.

Saving Money by Buying in Bulk

For some stockpilers, bulk purchases of shelf-stable foods are primarily motivated by savings rather than emergency preparedness. Buying large quantities can mean paying much lower per-item costs compared to regular grocery store prices. These savings are a major incentive for stockpiling.

Benefits of Stockpiling Food

There are many potential benefits that make stockpiling food attractive to some households:

Food Security in Emergencies

The top benefit of stockpiling food is having a supply of nutrition on hand if a disaster or emergency cuts off your access to grocery stores for days or weeks. Your stockpile provides food security when normal food channels are disrupted. You do not have to worry how you will feed your family during the crisis.

Save Money from Inflation

Buying extra supplies now locks in costs at today’s prices. As inflation drives up future food prices, your stockpile saves you money compared to buying at the inflated prices during the emergency. The more prices rise, the more your stockpile saves.

Take Advantage of Sales and Bulk Deals

Stocking up when items go on sale or are available in bulk buys at the lowest price. Waiting to buy until an emergency means paying full price. Your stockpile lets you benefit from discounts and bulk deals.

Be Prepared for Unexpected Events

Having long-lasting food on hand means you are prepared for any unexpected emergency from job losses to natural disasters. You do not have to scramble for food if an unforeseen event disrupts your life. The stockpile acts as an insurance policy against uncertainty.

Reduce Trips to Busy Grocery Stores

Rotating through your stockpile allows you to go grocery shopping less frequently. With a stockpile, you avoid making rushed trips to the busy store to grab supplies before or during an emergency. Your food is already home and ready to use.

More Varied Meals from Stored Foods

Stockpiling a wide variety of foods means your meals are more varied and interesting during an emergency when you cannot go to the store. With different foods on hand, you can continue to eat meals that keep you satisfied.

Peace of Mind Knowing You Are Prepared

There is great mental comfort from knowing you have extra supplies in your home to feed your family during an extended emergency. Stockpiling reduces worry and stress about how to provide meals if grocery stores are closed.

Risks and Downsides of Stockpiling Food

While stockpiling food has clear benefits, there are also some potential downsides to keep in mind:

Possibility of Waste from Expiration

If not properly stored and rotated, some of your stockpile may expire before use. This wastes money spent on food that has gone bad. Effective stockpile management is required to minimize waste.

Upfront Costs Can Be High

Filling a stockpile requires a lot of upfront money to purchase the quantities needed for weeks or months of food. For families on tight budgets, devoting these upfront costs to stockpiling may be difficult.

Requires Space for Storage

Stockpiles take up significant storage space. You need adequate shelving and space to store all the extra supplies. Those with small homes may not have room for everything they want to stockpile.

Time Consuming to Manage

Keeping inventory, rotating stock, checking expiration dates, and replenishing the stockpile takes ongoing time and effort. Busy families may have difficulty finding time for proper management.

May Provide a False Sense of Security

While stockpiling provides real benefits, some preppers may develop a false sense of security about being fully prepared. No stockpile offers complete protection from all emergencies. Reasonable expectations are required.

Some Items May Be Difficult to Obtain

In a widespread emergency, high-demand preparedness items like powdered milk, wheat, and toilet paper may be hard to find or sold out. Even with willingness to stockpile, scarcity can limit options.

Possibility of Theft

If others know you have a stockpile, it could make your home a target for theft by individuals desperate for food during or after a disaster. Maintaining privacy about your stockpile is important.

Considerations for Stockpiling Food

If you are interested in stockpiling food at home, here are some key considerations:

Types of Foods to Stockpile

Choose nutritious, non-perishable foods like canned vegetables, beans, tuna, oats, peanut butter, dried fruits and nuts. Prioritize high-calorie, protein-rich foods. Also stockpile any needed baby foods or pet foods.

Amount to Stockpile

Consider potential disruptions in your region and stockpile at least a 2-4 week supply to start. Increase this to 3-6 months’ worth once you have a basic supply built up over time.

Storage Conditions

Store foods in a cool, dry place in your home. Use oxygen absorbers in containers to prolong shelf life. Organize similar items together and label containers.

Management and Rotation

Use older items from front of stockpile and replenish with new purchases. Check dates and watch for expirations. Take inventory and shop for replacements.

Cost Considerations

Factor in upfront costs for your stockpile and budget appropriately. Look for sales, bulk deals, coupons and discount stores to reduce costs. Consider building over time.

Special Dietary Needs

Tailor your stockpile to the dietary requirements and preferences in your household including food allergies, intolerances, religious needs, vegan/vegetarian needs, and health conditions.


Keep your stockpile discreet and do not share details publicly. Use secure storage locations and avoid obviously advertising your supplies. Safety should be balanced with accessibility.

Should You Stockpile Food? Key Questions to Ask Yourself

Here are some key questions to carefully consider when deciding if stockpiling food is the right choice for your household:

What emergencies or disasters are most likely where I live?

Think about risks like hurricanes, winter storms, earthquakes, flooding, and tornadoes for your region. The threats you actually face should inform what you store.

How long could I be unable to leave home or access groceries?

Look at past crises and what experts advise for different disaster scenarios to estimate realistic durations of restricted movement or closed stores.

Does my household include anyone with special dietary needs?

Stockpile foods that work for allergies, intolerances, health conditions, religious restrictions, and infants or pets who need specific foods.

How much space do I have to store emergency food supplies?

Make sure you have adequate space for the volume and types of foods you want to stockpile before you begin buying.

Can I afford the upfront costs of stockpiling food?

Consider the budget you can devote and start small if needed. Building a stockpile over time can help manage costs for those with limited budgets.

Am I able to properly store and manage a food stockpile?

Be realistic about the time and organizational skills required. Improper storage and management lead to waste.

Do I have self-control not to dip into the stockpile for everyday use?

Avoid temptation to tap your emergency supplies for normal use. Stockpile discipline ensures supplies will be there when truly needed.


Stockpiling food has clear benefits for preparing your household for emergencies and food supply disruptions. Having emergency food supplies provides security and peace of mind when faced with disasters, shortages, or inflation pressures. It allows you to feed your family during crises without relying entirely on grocery stores.

However, stockpiling also requires upfront costs, storage space, and effective management to avoid waste. It is not a solution for all households. Consider your budget, space constraints, disaster likelihood in your region, and household dietary needs.

With reasoned expectations and purposeful planning, stockpiling food can be a prudent part of an emergency preparedness plan for many families concerned about food security during turbulent times. But balance preparedness with realism about the costs, space needs, and effort involved.