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What is non spiced rum called?

Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts such as molasses or sugarcane juice. The primary types of rum are spiced and unspiced rum. Unspiced rum, often referred to as “white” or “light” rum, is rum that does not have any added flavors or spices. It provides a clean, light taste that highlights the natural flavors of the distilled sugarcane. Unspiced rum may also sometimes be referred to as traditional rum, standard rum, or regular rum.

Types of Unspiced Rum

There are several main types and styles of unspiced rum:

  • Light rum – This style of rum is light-bodied with a mild flavor profile. It is column distilled and aged in steel tanks rather than barrels. Popular light rum brands include Bacardi and Don Q.
  • Gold rum – Gold rums are aged in oak barrels to impart a golden hue and more robust flavor. Carta Blanca and Captain Morgan Gold are examples of gold rum.
  • Dark rum – Dark rums are aged longer in heavily charred barrels, giving them a rich, dark color and bold flavor notes. Kraken Black Spiced Rum and Myers’s Dark Rum are popular dark rum brands.
  • Overproof rum – Overproof rums contain a higher alcohol content, typically above 57% ABV. They provide an intense flavor experience. Rum-Bar Gold Overproof from Worthy Park Estate is a well-known overproof rum.
  • Cachaça – Cachaça is a Brazilian rum made from fresh sugarcane rather than molasses. It has its own distinctive flavor profile. Leblon Cachaça is a top brand.
  • Rhum Agricole – Rhum agricole is made from fresh sugarcane juice rather than molasses. It originates from the French Caribbean islands. Rhum J.M and Neisson are premium rhums agricoles.

Production Process

Unspiced rum goes through a straightforward production process focused on distilling and aging the sugarcane product. Here are the key steps:

  1. Extraction – Sugarcane juice or molasses is extracted to collect the source material.
  2. Fermentation – The sugarcane extract is combined with water and yeast to trigger fermentation and convert sugars into alcohol.
  3. Distillation – The fermented wash is distilled, allowing concentrated alcohol vapors to separate from the liquid.
  4. Aging – The distilled spirit may be aged in oak barrels to develop color and flavor.
  5. Blending – Rums of different styles and ages may be blended together to create the desired final product.
  6. Filtration – The rum is filtered to remove any sediment or particulates.
  7. Bottling – The finished rum is diluted to drinking strength and bottled.

Unlike spiced rums, no flavored ingredients or spices are added during this process to allow the natural sugarcane flavor to shine through.

Common Uses

Unspiced rum is extremely versatile in cocktails. Here are some of the most popular ways to use it:

  • Mixed drinks – Unspiced rum is used in tropical cocktails like the Mojito, Pina Colada, Daiquiri, and Mai Tai.
  • Rum and coke – White rum and cola is a simple, refreshing highball cocktail.
  • Tiki drinks – Tiki cocktails blend multiple rums together, often including a white rum.
  • Frozen drinks – Blenders can incorporate light rum into frozen pina coladas, daiquiris, and margaritas.
  • Shooters – Straight shots of rum provide quick consumption. Rum pairs well with lime.
  • Punches – Rum punches combine rum with fruit juices, syrups, and spices for flavorful, crowd-pleasing cocktails.

In cooking, white rum adds sweet vanilla flavors in sauces, marinades, cakes, and glazes. It also enhances tropical fruit desserts. Unspiced rum can be sipped neat, on the rocks, or in simple cocktails to enjoy its crisp, clean taste.

Popular Brands

Some of the top and most popular brands of unspiced rum include:

Brand Style Origin
Bacardi White Rum Light Rum Puerto Rico
Havana Club Anejo 3 Anos White Rum Cuba
Appleton Estate Signature Blend White Rum Jamaica
Mount Gay Eclipse Gold Rum Barbados
Don Q Cristal Light Rum Puerto Rico
El Dorado 3 Year Old White Rum Guyana
Flor de Cana Extra Dry 4 Year White Rum Nicaragua

Countries of Origin

While rum is produced globally, some key countries are especially renowned for their high-quality unspiced rums:

  • Cuba – Cuban rum producers like Havana Club and Santiago de Cuba are world-famous. Cuban rums offer crisp, balanced flavor.
  • Jamaica – Jamaica produces full-bodied rums like Appleton Estate and Wray & Nephew’s Overproof rum.
  • Puerto Rico – Bacardi from Puerto Rico is the best-selling rum globally. Puerto Rican rums are smooth and mixable.
  • Barbados – Mount Gay, Cockspur, and Foursquare are exemplary Barbadian rums.
  • Guatemala – Guatemalan rums like Zacapa have robust flavor.
  • Guyana – Demerara rums from Guyana like El Dorado offer rich, complex taste.

Other countries noted for their unspiced rums include Nicaragua, Panama, Martinique, Brazil, Venezuela, and the Virgin Islands.

Flavor Profile

Compared to spiced rums, unspiced rums deliver a lighter, crisper, and cleaner flavor experience. Their taste profile highlights pure sugarcane and molasses notes without added spices.

Characteristics of unspiced rum’s flavor include:

  • Sweetness – Notes of sugar, honey, and vanilla from the base sugarcane materials.
  • Fruitiness – Ripe banana, pineapple, mango, pear, and citrus flavors.
  • Grassiness – Light vegetal and grassy hints from sugarcane juice distillates like rhums agricole and cachaça.
  • Earthiness – Woody, tobacco, oak barrel notes in aged dark rums.
  • Spice – Ginger, nutmeg, clove only if aged in a previously used barrel; no added spices.

The flavor profile ranges from light and mildly sweet in crystal clear rums to rich, intense molasses and brown sugar flavors in long-aged, caramel-hued dark rums. Without added seasonings, the sugarcane and distillation technique become the star of the show.

Regional Variations

Rum production traditions across different regions impact the flavor profile of their local unspiced rums:

  • Spanish-style – Cuban and Puerto Rican rums tend to be lighter bodied, crisp, and mixable in cocktails.
  • English-style – Jamaican and Barbadian rums are more robust, funky, and high-ester.
  • French-style – Rhums from Martinique and Guadeloupe are grassy, vegetal agricole rums.
  • Brazilian – Brazilian cachaça is distilled from fresh sugarcane juice for a distinctive flavor.

Climate, local practices, distillation methods, and aging all contribute to regional differences in the final flavor.

Health Effects

Unspiced rum delivers the same effects and considerations as other distilled spirits:

  • Alcohol content – Standard rums range from 40-50% alcohol by volume (80-100 proof). Higher alcohol levels cause more intoxication.
  • Inebriation – Drinking rum causes impaired judgment, coordination, and decision-making abilities.
  • Dehydration – Alcohol acts as a diuretic, causing fluid loss.
  • Calories – Rum contains around 100 calories per 1.5 oz serving.
  • Congeners – Congeners are byproducts that can contribute to hangovers.
  • Sugars – Rum contains no sugars or carbs; mixers like cola add sugar.

Moderation is key, as excessive rum consumption on a regular basis can negatively impact health and carry risks of alcohol abuse or addiction. Most health experts recommend no more than 1-2 drinks per day.

Cocktail Recipes

Unspiced rum shines in refreshing, tropical cocktails. Here are recipes for classic rum mixed drinks:


  • 2 oz white rum
  • 3/4 oz fresh lime juice
  • 1/2 oz simple syrup
  • Mint leaves
  • Soda water

Muddle mint leaves with simple syrup in a glass. Add rum, lime juice, and ice cubes. Top with soda water and garnish with mint.

Piña Colada

  • 2 oz white rum
  • 2 oz coconut cream
  • 2 oz pineapple juice

Blend rum, coconut cream, pineapple juice, and ice until smooth. Garnish with pineapple wedge.


  • 2 oz white rum
  • 1 oz fresh lime juice
  • 1/2 oz simple syrup

Shake rum, lime juice, syrup, and ice vigorously. Strain into a chilled glass.


  • 2 oz white rum
  • 2 oz dark rum
  • 2 oz passionfruit juice
  • 1 oz orange juice
  • 1/2 oz lime juice
  • Grenadine

Shake rum, juices, and ice. Strain into glass filled with ice. Float grenadine on top.


In summary, unspiced rum delivers pure sugarcane flavor without the spices and flavors added to spiced rums. Light rums offer mild sweetness, while rich, oak-aged dark rums provide more intense molasses and vanilla complexity. Signature styles come from Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Barbados. Unspiced rum is widely used in cocktails, especially refreshing tropical drinks like the Mojito, Pina Colada, and Daiquiri.