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How are godparents assigned?

Godparents play an important role in many Christian traditions. They are tasked with supporting the spiritual development of a child. But how exactly does one get chosen to fill this special position? There are a few key factors that typically go into the selection process.

The Role of Godparents

First, it helps to understand the intended role of godparents. In most denominations, godparents make a commitment to help raise the child in the Christian faith. They promise to provide spiritual guidance, set a good example, and encourage regular church attendance. Godparents may also participate in religious rituals like baptism.

Beyond spiritual nurturing, godparents historically were tasked with ensuring a child’s material needs were met if something happened to their parents. This could involve assuming legal guardianship or covering educational expenses. While no longer strictly necessary today, some godparents still provide this type of support.

Choosing Candidates

When selecting godparents, parents consider candidates who align closely with their own beliefs and values. After all, these individuals will be heavily involved in shaping their child’s worldview. Some common factors parents weigh include:

  • Religious devotion – How regularly does the candidate attend church services? Do they participate in church activities or volunteer work?
  • Character – Is the candidate known to have strong morals and integrity? Do they set a good example in their community?
  • Rapport – Does the candidate have a close, nurturing bond with the child? Do they make effort to be involved in the child’s life?
  • Resources – Is the candidate financially and emotionally capable of providing support if ever needed?
  • Logistics – Does the candidate live within close proximity to be actively engaged in the child’s life?

Ideally, godparent candidates demonstrate religious commitment, strong values, and a loving bond with the child. Their lifestyle should align with the family’s beliefs. They should have the resources and availability to take on godparenting duties. And they should be individuals the parents trust unconditionally with their child’s upbringing.

Number of Godparents

Christian denominations have different traditions when it comes to the number of godparents selected. Here are some common guidelines:

Denomination Number of Godparents
Roman Catholic 2 (1 male godfather + 1 female godmother)
Eastern Orthodox 1 (of the same gender as the child)
Lutheran 2 (typically 1 male + 1 female)
Methodist 3 (no gender requirements)
Anglican/Episcopal 3 (no gender requirements)

The Roman Catholic tradition calls for one godfather and one godmother, emphasizing gender balance. Meanwhile, Eastern Orthodox churches only require one godparent of the same sex as the child. Other Protestant denominations are more flexible, allowing for multiple godparents of any gender.

Godparent Eligibility

Most Christian churches have rules about who is eligible to serve as a godparent. Typical requirements include:

  • Must be a baptized and confirmed member of the faith
  • Must be at least 16 years old
  • Cannot be the child’s biological parent
  • If married, must be in a marriage recognized by the church
  • Must set a good moral example and lead a Christian lifestyle

The godparent should be an established member of the church in good standing. They need to have received their own sacraments. And they should be mature enough to fulfill godparent duties. Parents, guardians, and civil spouses are excluded from godparent eligibility in most denominations.

Special Godparent Selection Scenarios

There are a few special scenarios that influence godparent selection:

  • Interfaith families – If parents practice different religions, they may choose godparents from each faith.
  • Divorced parents – Divorced parents may select a godparent separately, yielding multiple godparents from each side of the family.
  • Remarriage – Remarried parents may pick a godparent from their new spouse’s side of the family.
  • Orphans – Orphaned children may have godparents assigned by clergy or relatives instead of parents.

The goal is balancing input from all sides of a child’s family, both biological and adopted. Clergy can help navigate special circumstances to ensure a fair godparent selection process.

The Selection Process

The godparent selection process varies between denominations and families. But it typically involves:

  1. Parents privately consider candidates who meet eligibility criteria.
  2. Parents may consult clergy for input or rules about candidates.
  3. Candidates are asked informally if they are willing to take on the role.
  4. Final candidates are formally asked to be godparents and vows are explained.
  5. Godparents consent to their duties and may sign record books.
  6. Clergy approves the chosen godparents.
  7. Godparents are announced at a ceremony like baptism or christening.

The process begins with introspection as parents weigh who would make the best spiritual mentors. Clergy may interview candidates or require certain criteria be met. Candidates should fully understand their duties before agreeing. Final choices are recorded by the church with clergy approval. Godparents are then welcomed during religious rituals.

Consent and Vows

To be confirmed, godparent candidates need to consent to this important responsibility. They may be asked to recite vows aloud or sign statements like:

I promise to help raise this child in the Christian faith, providing spiritual guidance and support. I vow to set a godly example and encourage their relationship with the church. If ever needed, I will offer material assistance to provide for their wellbeing. I will fulfill the duties of a godparent with devotion and love.

Through these vows, godparents pledge their commitment to the child’s spiritual development and general welfare. This establishes a meaningful bond of duty that solidifies the relationship.

The Role of Clergy

Throughout the selection process, clergy play an advisory role. Their responsibilities may include:

  • Providing guidelines on godparent eligibility in that denomination
  • Interviewing potential candidates on religious beliefs
  • Ensuring godparents meet church requirements
  • Offering advice if parents are undecided on candidates
  • Making exceptions in special family circumstances if warranted
  • Recording chosen godparents in parish records
  • Explaining the vows and duties to godparent candidates
  • Obtaining formal consent from godparents

Clergy act as a guide and gatekeeper, confirming chosen godparents meet religious standards. They formalize the selections through record-keeping and obtaining vows. The approval of clergy is key in confirming appropriate godparents.

Shared Parental Guidance

Ultimately, godparents are selected based on an aligned vision of how to guide the child’s morals and beliefs. The process balances input from:

  • Parents
  • Immediate and extended family
  • Clergy
  • Chosen godparents

All sides work collaboratively to assign godparents who represent the desired spiritual upbringing for the child. There must be shared trust in the candidates’ ability to nurture the child within that religious tradition.


Assigning godparents is an important decision that shapes a child’s faith development. Candidates are prayerfully chosen based on character, beliefs, and capability to mentor. Clergy provide guidance to ensure godparents meet church standards. Through formal vows, godparents pledge their commitment to the spiritual wellbeing of the child. With godparents in place, a community is built around the child to instill a lifetime of Christian values.