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How do I keep my turkey from drying out?

As Thanksgiving approaches, many home cooks start to worry about how to prepare the star of the meal: the turkey. We all want a turkey with crispy, golden brown skin wrapping tender, juicy meat. But it can be tricky to achieve this without drying out the bird. Follow these tips to keep your turkey moist and delicious.

Brine the Turkey

Brining is a great way to infuse flavor and moisture into the turkey. A brine is a saltwater solution that helps the turkey retain moisture as it cooks. Dissolve 1 cup of salt per gallon of water along with aromatic ingredients like peppercorns, herbs, citrus, and spices. Submerge the thawed turkey in the brine and refrigerate for 8-24 hours. Rinse and pat dry before roasting.

Season Under the Skin

Seasoning under the skin helps ensure flavor permeates the meat. Loosen the skin from the breast and thighs by gently working your fingers between skin and meat. Rub an herb butter or dried herb blend directly onto the meat before placing it back over the skin. This adds great flavor and helps keep the turkey juicy.

Cook at the Right Temperature

High oven temperatures can cause the turkey to dry out quickly. Cook at a lower temperature, between 300-325°F to allow the interior to come to temperature without overcooking the outside. Use a meat thermometer to determine doneness. The thickest part of the breast should reach 165°F and the thickest part of the thigh 175°F.

Baste Frequently

Basting the turkey as it cooks moisturizes the skin and keeps it from drying out. Use turkey drippings or chicken broth to baste every 30 minutes. Spoon the hot liquid over the turkey and use your basting brush to evenly distribute it.

Tent with Foil

If the skin starts to brown too quickly, tent the turkey with foil. This prevents over-browning while allowing the meat to finish cooking. Tent just the breast or the entire turkey, monitoring color and adjusting as needed. Remove foil for the last 30 minutes to crisp the skin.

Let It Rest

Never carve the turkey right out of the oven. Let it rest for at least 30 minutes, tented with foil. This allows the juices to be reabsorbed back into the meat. If you carve too soon, the juices will spill out onto the cutting board.

Cook Stuffing Separately

Cooking the stuffing inside the turkey increases cook time, leading to drier meat. Cook stuffing separately in a baking dish so your turkey cooks more quickly. You’ll get a moist turkey and perfectly baked stuffing every time.

Gravy Tips

Homemade gravy deserves its own subheading! Follow these tips for silky, flavorful gravy:

  • Use the drippings from the turkey – this infuses gravy with meaty flavor.
  • Skim off excess fat before making the roux.
  • Whisk together equal parts fat and flour for the roux.
  • Cook roux for 2-3 minutes to remove raw flour taste.
  • Slowly whisk in turkey broth and simmer until thickened.
  • Add herbs, spices, wine or other flavorings.
  • Strain for silky smooth gravy.

Carving Tips

Carving the turkey neatly and efficiently ensures white and dark meat are evenly distributed with crispy skin. Follow these carving tips:

  • Use a sharp carving knife to slice through joints.
  • Remove the leg quarters first by cutting through the hip joint.
  • Slice the breast meat off the bone in long, even strokes.
  • Cut the breast crosswise into neat slices.
  • Arrange slices on a platter with drippings for moistness.

Leftover Storage

Leftover turkey should be handled properly to retain moisture and flavor. Follow these storage guidelines:

  • Allow turkey to cool completely before refrigerating.
  • Store carved meat in shallow airtight containers.
  • Use turkey within 3-4 days for best quality.
  • To freeze, wrap tightly in plastic wrap or foil and use within 2-3 months.

Creative Leftover Recipes

Don’t settle for boring leftovers! Get creative with these delicious ways to use leftover turkey:

Recipe Ingredients
Turkey Tetrazzini Turkey, pasta, Parmesan, sherry, mushrooms, peas
Turkey Enchiladas Tortillas, turkey, cheese, onions, salsa
Turkey Pot Pie Turkey, vegetables, cream, puff pastry
Turkey Soup Turkey, carrots, celery, onion, chicken broth
Turkey Salad Sandwich Turkey, mayo, lettuce, tomato, bread


Preparing a juicy, flavorful turkey takes some technique but is very achievable by following these helpful tips. Brine the bird, cook at an even temperature, and let it rest before carving for best results. Use the leftovers creatively so none of that delicious meat goes to waste. With a little planning, your Thanksgiving turkey will be a huge success!