Skip to Content

How often does snake poop?

Snakes are fascinating creatures that capture people’s imaginations. Their intricate scales, hypnotic movements, and mysterious nature lead many to wonder about their behaviors and biology, including how often they poop. Understanding snake poop frequency provides insight into their digestive system and overall health.

How Often Do Snakes Poop?

On average, most snakes poop once a week. However, frequency varies widely depending on the snake’s species, age, diet, environment, and overall health. Here are some general guidelines on how often different snakes poop:

  • Ball pythons – Once every 5-7 days
  • Corn snakes – Once every 5-10 days
  • King snakes – Once every 4-7 days
  • Milk snakes – Once every 4-6 days
  • Boa constrictors – Once every 7-14 days
  • Pythons – Once every 7-10 days
  • Garter snakes – Once every 3-5 days
  • Rattlesnakes – Once every 2-7 days

Young snakes tend to poop more frequently than adult snakes. Baby snakes digest food quicker and poop almost daily. As snakes mature, their metabolic rates slow down, and they poop less often.

What Impacts Snake Poop Frequency?

Several key factors influence how often a snake poops:

Snake Species

Snake species have different digestive systems suited to their native environments and diets. For example, snakes from arid climates retain water more efficiently and poop less frequently. Snakes that eat infrequently, like boas, poop less often than snakes that eat small meals, like garter snakes.


Temperature affects a snake’s metabolism. Snakes poop more frequently when kept at optimal temperatures (75-85°F for most species) versus cooler temperatures. Snakes become sluggish and poop less often when too cold.

Food Intake

How much and how often a snake eats directly impacts poop frequency. Snakes digest food in 2-3 days, so poop soon after eating. Irregular meals lead to irregular poop schedules. Snakes that consistently eat large meals poop more frequently.


Dehydrated snakes retain water to conserve resources and produce uric acid as waste instead of solid poop. Providing fresh water at all times prevents dehydration and irregular poop frequency.

Health Issues

Snakes pooping much more or less frequently than normal may indicate health problems. Parasites, impaction, infections, and other issues can affect digestion. Always monitor poop for consistency and color changes.


Stressed snakes may stop eating and pooping normally. Changes to housing, handling, or environment can cause stress. Minimize stress and allow time for snakes to acclimate to reduce irregular poop frequency.

What Does Healthy Snake Poop Look Like?

Healthy snake poop has the following characteristics:


The poop should have a soft, uniform texture and hold its shape. Snakes produce urates along with stool, so poop may be multipart with a white tip.


Color varies by species and diet. Normal colors range from brown to black. Unusual colors like red, yellow, or green may indicate health issues.


Fresh poop has little to no odor. Foul odors signal potential parasites or infections requiring veterinary attention.


Normal poop contains digested fur, bones, scales, and exoskeletons from prey. Live parasites, blood, or mucus warrant medical care.

Healthy Poop Unhealthy Poop
Soft, solid consistency Runny, liquid, or hard/dry poop
Normal color for species Unusual colors like red, green, yellow
Little to no odor Foul, pungent odor
Digested prey contents Blood, parasites, mucus

Tips for a Healthy Poop Schedule

Follow these tips to keep your snake pooping regularly:

Choose the Right Enclosure

Use an enclosure size appropriate for the snake species with plenty of clean hiding spots, climbing enrichment, a water bowl, and proper heating and lighting.

Maintain Proper Temperatures

Use a quality thermostat and thermometer/hygrometer to maintain ambient and basking temperatures ideal for the species.

Offer Fresh, Clean Water

Check water daily and change immediately if soiled. Provide a bowl large enough for soaking.

Feed a Healthy Diet

Offer prey of the appropriate size and species 1-2 times per week. Do not over or under feed.

Establish a Routine

Feed snakes on a regular schedule at the same times and offer fresh water changes on off days.

Monitor Poop

Note poop frequency, consistency, color, and contents. Adjust husbandry as needed.

Limit Stress

Give snakes time to settle after moving enclosures. Limit loud noises, excessive handling, and other disruptions.

See a Vet

Schedule an appointment if poop habits seem unhealthy or the snake is acting lethargic.

When to Seek Help for Poop Issues

Contact a reptile veterinarian if your snake is experiencing any of the following poop issues:

  • Not pooping for over 2 weeks
  • Pooping much less or more frequently than normal
  • Very loose, watery poop
  • Constipation/difficulty passing poop
  • Discoloration – red, yellow, green, gray, black
  • Strong, foul odor
  • Presence of blood, parasites, or mucus
  • Incomplete, difficult poops
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Swelling near the vent
  • Straining or pain when pooping

These signs may indicate potentially serious health issues like dehydration, parasites, infections, impactions, or other problems requiring veterinary treatment.


How often a snake poops depends on many factors like age, species, diet, temperature, and health. Most snakes poop an average of once per week, while babies may poop almost daily. Monitor your snake’s poop habits closely for any changes and be prepared to make husbandry adjustments or seek veterinary care if their poop seems unhealthy. With proper care and nutrition, your snake can maintain a normal, healthy poop routine.